Path-goal leadership theory is based on motivating and influencing the followers to achieve a desired goal. Northouse (2016) states that path-goal leadership is intended to “explain how leaders can help followers along the path to their goals by selecting specific behaviors that are best suited to followers’ needs and to the situation in which followers are working” (p. 116). Path-goal leadership is based on the leaders’ behaviors, the characteristics of the follower, and the type of task that is being completed. There are four main components to path-goal theory leadership behavior; directive, supportive, participative, and achievement-oriented (Northouse, 2016). Each leadership behavior is effective towards a specific task and the characteristics of a follower, so it is important that each behavior is understood to motivate and influence the follower to acco...
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...throughout their career. All the leadership styles mentioned above, i.e. path-goal and authentic theory, have essential skills that can be effective within the field of social work. For instance, authentic social work leaders have an ethical standard of doing “what is right and good” for not only those that follow, but for the people that are served throughout the community (Northouse, 2016, p. 206). It is important to stay true to these values so that the lives of others can be impacted in a positive way. In addition, path-goal social work leaders inspire, motivate and empower others to reach a level of expectancy within their goals (Northouse, 2016). Therefore, whether working with participants in the community or followers within the organization, it is important for a leader to motivate and influence participants and followers so that they can achieve their goals.
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