Leadership Methods Used By Mandela Essay

Leadership Methods Used By Mandela Essay

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In 1994, Nelson Mandela was elected to the highest office of the land. Faced with issues like an economic crisis and racial tensions, Mandela inherited a difficult set of problems. While Mandela’s new position had allocated legitimate power, “influence that is created through a title or status”, due to the severity of the issues, Mandela needed new means of acquiring power, “the ability to influence how others behave,” to garnish unified support throughout the country (P. 329). Mandela understood that to achieve this he would have to adopt various techniques to provide leadership, “a process of influence aimed at directing behavior toward the accomplishment of objectives” (P.326).
Various leadership methods used by Mandela are portrayed throughout the film “Invictus”. Mandela come into office with influence among the black community by acting as a servant leader, “one who focuses on the needs, objectives, and aspirations of [others] to help them achieve…goals,” by fighting for black rights his entire life (P.342). In addition, during a time of delicate political transition, Mandela utilized directive leadership, “the providing of…task focused directions….and assigning [of] goals,” to emphasize reconciliation and the creation of a new, unified, South Africa (P.330). This was noticed by whites who fear political retaliation. While Mandela’s directive leadership was essential to unifying the country, it was Mandela’s transformational leadership, “the communication of a higher-level vision…that elicits commitment from followers,” that influenced others to adopt the directives of peace and unity (P.330). Last of all, Mandela’s own charismatic leadership, “a leadership style that…[motivates people] to exceed [the] expected…through ...


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...es used for groups…to connect to each other,” to spread his vision for South Africa. Striving to achieve channel richness, “[the] conveying [of] as much information a possible,” Mandela capitalized on his mastery of the ten disciplines for effective communication, such as compassion and forgiveness, and expertly adapted information in ways that minimized cultural misunderstanding (P.381)(P.379). Through his concise communicating, in all mediums of communication, Mandela was able to disseminate his vision throughout the world, and by a means that allowed the empowerment, “the sharing of…responsibility,” with all who listened (P. 386). By doing this, Mandela put into motion the goal-setting theory, which states that through “setting clear…goals,” motivation is created to achieve objectives, and was able to create a single organizational culture in South Africa (P.385).

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