Leadership : Meaning, Nature And Importance Of Leadership Essay examples

Leadership : Meaning, Nature And Importance Of Leadership Essay examples

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Essay on Leadership: Meaning, Nature and Importance of Leadership!
“Leadership is the quality of behavior of individuals whereby they guide people or their activities in organising efforts” — Chester I. Barnard
“Leadership is the ability of a superior to induce subordinates to work with confidence and I zeal” — Koontz and ‘Donnell
“Leadership is the process by which an executive imaginatively directs, guides and influences the work of others in attaining specified goals.” — Theo Haimann
Leadership may be defined as a position of power held by an individual in a group, which provides him with an opportunity to exercise interpersonal influence on the group members for miobilising and directing their efforts towards certain goals. The leader is at the centre of group’s power structure, keeps the group together, infuses life into it, moves it towards its goals and maintains its momentum.
He may emerge in a group by virtue of his personality characteristics and qualities or by virtue of common consent by group members. In the latter case, the leader derives his power from the group members. He continues in the leadership position at the pleasure of group members collectively. Leadership position exists in most group settings irrespective of the size of the group.
For example, a leader of national or international standing commands widespread influence over a large number of people while the influence of the leader of a small work group in an organisation is very limited. Both are leaders in their own right and fulfill our definition of leadership.
Leadership is an influential process. The leader is in a position to shape, regulate, control and change the attitudes, behaviour and performance of his group members. The latter are supposed...

... middle of paper ...

... motivation:Leadership is the motivating power to group efforts. Effective leadership motivates the subordinates for higher productivity.
(iii) Confidence:Leadership creates confidence in-the subordinates by giving proper guidance and advice.
(iv) High morale:Good leadership increases the morale of the employees which, in turn, contributes to higher productivity.
(v) Development of team spirit:Effective leadership promotes team-spirit and team­work which is quite essential for the success of any organisation.
(vi) Encouraging initiative:A progressive, forward and democratic minded leader, always encourages initiative on the part of the followers.
(vii) Overcoming resistance to change:A leader overcomes resistance, if any on the part of followers to organisational changes; through explaining to them the utility of such changes to both—the enterprise and the employees.

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