1) Explain in detail one of the theories of motivation and assess its value in the current business environment
2) Explain one of the contingency theories of leadership.
1) The one theory of motivation that I will be explaining in the first question is Abraham Maslow’s needs hierarchy; some may call it his content theory of motivation aswell. The theory was based around nine needs that Maslow found out through research that effected people motivation in work. The nine different needs are listed below.
1) Biological needs: These are basic needs for human life to survive, for example the need for food water rest an oxygen
2) Safety needs: These are needs for the worker to feel protected in the organisation. To feel security and comfort with in the workplace
3) Affiliation needs: These are the workers needs to feel associated by the organisation. It is a feeling of belongingness, almost like a relationship with work.
4) Esteem needs: for the worker to feel strength, achievement, recognition and appreciation. They want to be respected by other employees that they work with, they want to be valued. They want to feel as if they are progressing in the work place, as if they are working towards a goal.
5) The need to Know and Understand: The need for the employee to understand there job and gain more in dept knowledge about it.
6) Aesthetic needs: For structure and attractiveness
7) Transcendence need: This need is usually described as “ cosmic identification ”
8) The Need of Freedom and Expression
9) The needs of Self-actualization: to progress and develop to our full potential
Maslow broke the needs into a hierarchy structure ranging them in order fro...
... middle of paper ...
...re on his/her subordinates. A task-oriented manager ignores resistance from the subordinates, combats the uncertainty around the workplace and achieves good results.
Many see flaws in Fiedler’s theory as they feel that it does not take in to account the feeling and needs of the subordinates in the group. It also discards technical competence that the leader must have to be successful. Some also feel that the process of LPC (Least Preferred Co-worker) is very negatively worded and this situation can be very hard to measure.
However despite these flaws there is some strengths to take out of the theory, firstly it backs up the importance of identifying the contextual factors in deciding the leaders behaviour. It also provides managers with a process to help them identify there leadership style so that they can develop or correct it if needed.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The book I selected to review is entitled Leadership and Motivation: The fifty-fifty rule and the eight key principles of motivating others by author John Adair (2006). This book was first published in 1990 under titled “Understanding Motivation”. In this book, Adair explores in depth the subject of leadership and motivation. He concluded that leaders and managers must developed motivation skills and know how to motivate others to be successful. Knowing and understanding the theories of motivation is important, but the most important is how to apply them practically in their organization to become effective leaders.... [tags: Motivation, Maslow's hierarchy of needs]
735 words (2.1 pages)
- Leadership Research Essay Eric Easter 4577069 Leadership Research Essay MGMT 312 Leadership and Motivation 19 April 2015 Leadership Research Essay As a great leader it is important that we adapt to the desirable leadership styles which will make us most successful in the business environment. When we think of leadership traits we often think of who is organized, great with people or simply who we can count on to get the job done. There are several people who fill different shoes in the workplace and it is inherent that identify these individuals to meet the needs of the employees, the technical skills and the most effective person with a leader member relationship who can enforce t... [tags: Fiedler contingency model, Leadership, Management]
1787 words (5.1 pages)
- Motivation and Leadership are intrinsically linked in the fact that one allows an easement in the process of the other. Without the ability to use the mutual relationship of leadership to influence the motivators of followers, leaders stagnate and are limited by their own inability to accomplish all that must be for real change to occur. In less Rostonian terms (that is, based on Rost (1993)), without a motivated group of followers leaders are stranded and not achieving to a level of excellence.... [tags: Leadership]
1594 words (4.6 pages)
- In this essay I will set upon doing the following two questions: 1) Explain in detail one of the theories of motivation and assess its value in the current business environment 2) Explain one of the contingency theories of leadership. 1) The one theory of motivation that I will be explaining in the first question is Abraham Maslow’s needs hierarchy; some may call it his content theory of motivation aswell. The theory was based around nine needs that Maslow found out through research that effected people motivation in work.... [tags: Organization Management Leadership]
1327 words (3.8 pages)
- Leadership Marquis describes a leader as the motivation and the leading of the performance. Leader’s uniqueness and abilities are what make others to need to take after his or her way (2009 p.32). First, a leader must understand the self and others as the beginning in leading. As Kouzes and Posner stated “self-discovery and self-awareness are critical to developing the capacity to lead. And personal reflection and analysis of one’s own leadership behaviors are core components in that process” (2011, p.... [tags: Leadership, Personality psychology, Management]
1039 words (3 pages)
- Introduction Situational leadership is the ability to lead or manage a team based on the behavior or readiness level of the employee. The reason situational leadership is effective is because there are different ways to influence each employee based on how the employee is responding to the organization or the employees behavior. Situational leadership theory structures the leadership style to the readiness level of the employee. According to the text in Management of Organizational Behavior the readiness level is defined as, “ the extent to which the follower demonstrates the ability and willingness to accomplish a specific task” (Hersey, Blanchard, and Johnson, 2008).... [tags: Leadership, Situational leadership theory]
847 words (2.4 pages)
- An organisation’s culture predominantly develops from its leadership and similarly the culture of that organisation can affect the development of leadership in that organisation. For instance, some leaders work within their organisational culture, rules and existing norms whereas others first understand it and realig the culture with brand-new vision and revision of its earlier assumptions, rules and norms (Bass & Avolio, 1993:112). The essay opens up with brief introduction to leader and leadership development (LD) and the various theoretical approaches to leadership with in-depth discussion of transformational leadership theory and it’s implication in providing LD opportunities to all.... [tags: Leadership, Motivation]
1606 words (4.6 pages)
- Inside an organization, people are expected to their best work. Best work is easier to achieve when there’s the help of motivation. Motivation is one of the important factors to create effective management inside an Organization (Wood et al., 2006). Every person inside a company is motivated by different kind of things. According to Dawson (1986 cited in Thompson & McHugh 2002) motivation is a behavior, which can drive someone to act towards their goal. A motivated person will perform at maximum capacity in their jobs.... [tags: leadership, motivation theories]
973 words (2.8 pages)
- Many facets of both our educational and professional life are built on the foundation of our ability to function well as a team. First, we need to understand what teamwork is. Teamwork relies upon individuals working together in a cooperative environment to achieve common team goals through the sharing of knowledge and skills. Teamwork allows for a greater amount of production and efficiency throughout the workplace by allowing multiple people to work towards a common goal. There are many important aspects of teamwork that a team must understand in order to be efficient.... [tags: Leadership, Team, Management, Mr. T]
956 words (2.7 pages)
- What is Motivation. Motivation is the force that makes us do things: this is a result of our individual needs being satisfied (or met) so that we have inspiration to complete the task. These needs vary from person to person as everybody has their individual needs to motivate themselves. Depending on how motivated we are, it may further determine the effort we put into our work and therefore increase the standard of the output. When we suggest factors (or needs) that determine the motivation of employees in the workplace, almost everyone would immediately think of a high salary.... [tags: Motivation Leadership Management]
1303 words (3.7 pages)