Law enforcement is an important element of the United States’ system of criminal justice apart from the corrections and the courts. It is one of the major functions of the various governmental agencies of police. It is therefore concerned with police service or functions of police departments. In this paper, the author analyzes at law enforcement and related issues. Specifically, the author discusses law enforcement, theoretical understanding of the different models of policing as well as policing styles. The author also looks at the question of stress associated with the life of a police officer and how such stress affects them. This is a purely theoretical discussion based on secondary sources of information. Time and resources constraints could not allow for a more empirical, experimental fieldwork research. The materials relied upon are mainly journal articles from respectable academic journals and databases.
Law Enforcement: Past Perspective
In most cases, law enforcement involves investigation of all forms of suspected, potential or actual criminal activities and presenting evidence arising from investigation to the courts for determination of criminal culpability and subsequent punishment. Law enforcement is also concerned with detaining criminal suspects pending further investigation or judicial action. These, however, are not the only responsibilities or functions of law enforcement. Law enforcement is also concerned with deterrence and prevention of crime as well as enforcement of all the orders given by the law courts such as writs or warrants. In addition, law enforcement play an important role in ensuring public safety, maintaining public order, operating c...
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...al Development in Small Police Departments. International Journal of Police Science & Management, 13(3), 243-254. doi:10.1350/ijps.2011.13.3.228
Oliver, W. (2006). The Fourth Era of Policing: Homeland Security. International Review of Law, Computers & Technology, 20(1/2), 49-62. Doi: 10.1080/13600860600579696
Reiss, A, Jr. (1984). Consequences of Compliance and Deterrence Models of Law Enforcement for the Exercise of Police Discretion. Law and Contemporary Problems, 47(4), 83-122.
Tang, T., & Hammontree, M. L. (1992). The Effects Of Hardiness, Police Stress, And Life Stress On Police Officers' Illness And Life Stress on Police Officers’ Illness and Absenteeism. Public Personnel Management, 21(4), 493.
Wilson, J. (1978). Varieties of Police Behavior: The Management of Law and Order in Eight American Communities. American Journal of Sociology, 75(1), 160-162
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