2. The U.S. dual court system is divided into two branches and the federal court system is one system, the state court systems are the other and exist in each of the 50 states and territories. The dual court system now in recent years has had an increase in federal court judges, larger cases, and some minor matters. Most crimes are defined by the states and left up to their own interpretations and states have municipal courts. Georgia 's state court system like other states has limited, trial level, intermediate, and higher courts. The states have legal jurisdiction over matters such as marriage/divorce; whereas federal handles cases of the U.S. constitution. The federal courts in the United States are made up of district, appeals, and a supreme court.
3. Diversity jurisdiction is a ruling between a civil case tried involving citizens in different states or between a state and another country. An example of a case for this type of jurisdiction would be Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins. A question of federal jurisdiction case is any federal case of subject matter jurisdiction. The cases tried such as violence against ...
... middle of paper ...
...elections and are nonpartisan or partisan, some judges are appointed. Merit selection is what I think is best since appointment and election are both involved which gives the citizens a say while still giving some power to the government.
10. According to chapter 6 of the textbook the Judicial Process, the judiciary of the U.S. has increased in diversity some. The diversity of federal judges recently is almost half, up to 37% of being nontraditional. Federal not state judges are more diverse now because many judges are now women and not all fit the description of Christian, male, and white. Before the twentieth century minority and female lawyers and judges were rare and things have changed some now in recent decades. The case of Chisom vs Roemer in 1991 faced diversity on the bench and this case prohibited racial discrimination of judges, (Neubauer & Meinhold).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Introduction The current paper identifies the particular issues of substantive and procedural law in cases of use of force against states. Submitted for assessment are all the legal issues related to the United Nations (UN) and the International Court of Justice (ICJ), with reference to four specific cases: the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland vs. Albania, Nicaragua vs. the United States of America, the Democratic Republic of Congo vs. Uganda and lastly, the Republic of Guyana vs.... [tags: statutory law, criminal and civil law]
890 words (2.5 pages)
- 1. Define the terms takings as it relates to the environmental law and provide one example of a legally resolved taking case. Answer: Taking is a general term of an act of taking something. In an environmental point of view, the taking is ta process that involves taking something of an environmental assets, such as land, from an individual or organization. However, most cases, it involves government taking private property from owners when that piece of private land is determined a necessity to create public-desired resource, such as a road, wildlife preserve, or military base.... [tags: environmental law, NEPA]
1948 words (5.6 pages)
- I wish to file a complaint against W. John Camp for his actions and behavior in regards to the ongoing custody proceeding regarding my daughters. The situation and Mr. Camp’s pattern of unethical behavior has been developed over a number of years, but I have failed to complain on the advice that it might further jeopardize in the eyes of the court. At this point his tactics have been so effective I have no apparent rights or privileges with the court and therefore have very little to lose. The summary of complaint focuses on three main areas: 1) I believe Mr.... [tags: Court, Lawyer, Procedural law, Child custody]
1145 words (3.3 pages)
- Case name: Peter K. Dementas v The Estate of Jack Tallas, 764 P.2d 628 (1988) Procedural History: Claim was filed against decedent 's (Jack Tallas) estate to recover on written agreement to make the claimant (Peter Dementas) an heir for the amount of $50,000. The Third District Court of Salt Lake County held in favor for the estate. Dementas challenged the initial verdict in Utah’s Court of Appeals, Orme, J.. In this appeal, the court held that agreement was not an enforceable contract in that it constituted a promise for past services performed gratuitously.... [tags: Appeal, Contract, Law, Consideration]
701 words (2 pages)
- Every society is faced by a fundamental problem of achieving social control that protects people’s lives and properties as well as establishing desirable levels of order, accord, security and courtesy in the society. Societies, therefore, have developed informal methods of attaining this control where family structures, norms and religious precepts are included. Law is established in contrast as a formal method of social control. Law is then said to be a set of rules that is prescribed and implemented by government to regulate and protect the society.... [tags: Social Control, Protocol]
1030 words (2.9 pages)
- A system of law generally starts out with norms that have been agreed upon by the people. People learn to recognize deviant behavior and decide that it should be dealt with in some form of punishment. The code of Hammurabi dates back to the eighteenth century B.C. and is one of the earliest law codes in Western culture. This was a code of laws that was given by the gods as a system of divine guidance. The laws of Moses came about in 1250 B.C. and were also considered divine guidance to the people.... [tags: Law, Common law, Criminal law]
1595 words (4.6 pages)
- Societies need the help of rules to keep order and respect among its population. With the passing of years, the law, which was and is an indispensable tool to regulate peaceful coexistence within any country, has been changing for the purpose of adapting to the evolution of moral rules in the society. This fact enables all citizens of the same country to feel protected by same rules, most commonly known as laws. That is the reason why all people should be aware and understand how our society is regulated and what the rights and duties of ordinary citizens are.... [tags: Law, Common law, Court, High Court of Justice]
1019 words (2.9 pages)
- Beijersbergen, K. A., Dirkzwager, A. J. E., Molleman, T., Van der Laan, P. H., & Nieuwbeerta, P. (2015). Procedural justice in prison: The importance of staff characteristics. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 59(4), 337-358. DOI: 10.1177/0306624X13512767 The authors studied prisoners in the Netherlands to ascertain whether correctional facility officers’ characteristics affected the prisoners’ perception of treatment while imprisoned. The theories are based on the belief that the treatment of inmates can affect their conduct, stressors and even behavior after prison.... [tags: Police, Criminal justice, Prison, Crime]
1314 words (3.8 pages)
- Procedural Requirements of the Juvenile Justice System When it comes to influencing the procedural requirements of the juvenile justice system, there are several major cases that have been of significant influence. In order to understand the ramifications of such cases, it helps to have a clear understanding of the procedural requirements of this system from the outset. This is a much different system than the adult process that most people know at least a little bit about. The first major procedural difference is that law enforcement detains juveniles instead of arresting them (Reichel, 2002).... [tags: Jury, Crime, Court, United States Constitution]
1325 words (3.8 pages)
- Society has rules that govern everything we do. There are rules for the workplace, for games, for social clubs, for sports and for adults. What we should and should not do is told to us by rules imposed by morality and custom. Laws are rules made by the state or the courts. Our behavior is controlled by laws that resemble morality. Laws are enforced by the courts, not by moral rules, and you can pay for damages or go to prison if you break the law. Fairness is a goal of the law. Certain basic individual rights and freedoms such as liberty and equality are protected by the law.... [tags: Law, Common law, United States]
2849 words (8.1 pages)