In Aldo Leapold’s Land Ethic, he argues for “a shift in values achieved by reappraising things unnatural, tame and confined in terms of things natural, wild, and free,” which is to claim that the traditional idea of extensionism, which is the extension of value to nonhumans based on their similarity to humans, is wrong. Leapold then argues that it is the land community which has ultimate value, and that human value i...
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...centric as beauty is subjective. Also is the value of beauty as important as the economic values which validate the destruction of nature. Next, the stability of a biotic community refers to the rigidity of an ecosystem, and its capacity to resist being disturbed. This assumes that ecosystems are stable, and in promoting stability of an ecosystem, we might be promoting something that does not naturally exist. I feel it is necessary to state this does not suggest the destruction of an ecosystem based on its stability is ethical. Finally, the promotion of integrity in a biotic community, suggests a completeness, or preservation of the original species of a biotic community. This suggests that ecosystems, or biotic communities are not naturally subject to change, and that human association always results in a lessening of the integrity found in a biotic community.
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