The high-proficient bilinguals are those who can create and understand complex thought in a language other than their native, while early bilinguals are those who have had the opportunity to use both languages and develop their skills from childhood up until adulthood. In these Spanish communities where languages switching is very common, psychologists are curious about the activity “at the core of the language control” (Garbin & et., al.) Previous research has revealed that language control affects areas of the brain that control executive control processes: the frontal and prefrontal cortex, left inferior and superior parietal cortices, the ACC and the caudate nucleus. The defined directions of the switch were that L1 to L2 is from the dominant language to the non-dominant language; L2 to L1 ...
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...ized if we were to start teaching children a second language at an early age and give them a more constant and rigorous second language curriculum. Instead of having a “Spanish class,” there are some elementary level and preschools that teach and talk half of the day in Spanish and the other half in English. I am curious to see their switching effects in comparison to these students who live in an environment where the two languages are intermingled. However, it makes me wonder what border towns of countries, like the US/Mexico border are like when it comes to these same tests.
Garbin, G. G., Costa, A. A., Sanjuan, A. A., Forn, C. C., Rodriguez-Pujadas, A. A., Ventura, N. N., & ... Ávila, C. C. (2011). Neural bases of language switching in high and early proficient bilinguals. Brain And Language, 119(3), 129-135. doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2011.03.011
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