In the perspective of speech pathologists, speech is a fundamental enabler. Therefore, it follows that speech is viewed positively. It is fundamental in the sense that everyone has the inherent ability to speak. Lim and Simser in their discussion of therapy for children with hearing impairment write that “as human beings we are neurologically wired to develop spoken language” (308). In beginning their claim with the condition, “as human beings,” they exemplify the belief of many speech pathologists and hear...
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...primary mode, and they do not strive for a hearing identity. It is important to note that these viewpoints are not universal and cannot be generalized to all individuals. Each individual experience is different and many might hold combinations or neither of these two views. Additionally, the discourse concerning is speech is a very complex one and well defined boundaries do not exist between the two sides (Scheetz 113-115). There exists a gradient, some utilizing a combination of signs and speech as a method of communication. It might also be that there is an increasing awareness of the the other viewpoints. However, this simplified model, in which the division between speech pathologists and Deaf individuals are accentuated, aids in understanding the complex discourse. It serves as way to more easily see the general reasons for the tension that exists between them.
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