Essay on Language Learning : Syntax And Grammar

Essay on Language Learning : Syntax And Grammar

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In language learning, many components and features are studied including; morphology, lexicology, syntax and grammar. While these are important in understanding language learning, there is another area that deserves attention but is often neglected within the world of language learning. This area being phonology, the study of a language’s sound system and the features that help develop the sounds of speech. Pronunciation is the way in which these sounds are manipulated to form comprehensible speech, the manner in which a particular language realizes these speech sounds, or if they even utilize a particular sound, is part of what makes each language unique. When learning another language, pronunciation plays a large role in the speaker’s level of intelligibility and how well they are able to effectively communicate (Cenoz & Lecumberri, p. 262). Pronunciation and its role in the field of Linguistics are important as the field is largely concerned with aspects of spoken language. This is often where there is a disjunction between what those in the field know about language learning, and some of the more important learning aspects that should be included in a course, and between what is presented by materials like textbooks within these courses. Many courses in language lack an explicit focus on pronunciation, instead choosing to focus on objectives that are centered on grammar.
Pronunciation, and how it is realized, has various factors which influence it, some of which include; a learner’s perception of speech, individual goals, and the goals and focus of those teaching the language. For those teaching the courses, there generally is a concern and a goal that revolves around a speaker’s message being communicated effectively and that...

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... learners as they attempt to apply the phonological rules of their L1 to the L2 ( Iverson & Evans, p. 866). Considering that these two languages are represented orthographically with many of the same alphabetic letters, it is understandable why a native Spanish speaker would attempt to apply their phonological awareness, their understanding of particular sounds as they are associated with orthographic representations to the L2 (Vokic, p. 395). The English system, however, uses a variety of rules including vowel reduction and at times a complete disregard of vowels (Lord, p. 560), thus making it harder to acquire the new system and to achieve native-like fluency. Despite these challenges, it is important for language learners to acquire these skills in order to obtain at least a minimal intelligibility and level of effective communicate within the L2 (Saito, p. 251).

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