Pronunciation, and how it is realized, has various factors which influence it, some of which include; a learner’s perception of speech, individual goals, and the goals and focus of those teaching the language. For those teaching the courses, there generally is a concern and a goal that revolves around a speaker’s message being communicated effectively and that...
... middle of paper ...
... learners as they attempt to apply the phonological rules of their L1 to the L2 ( Iverson & Evans, p. 866). Considering that these two languages are represented orthographically with many of the same alphabetic letters, it is understandable why a native Spanish speaker would attempt to apply their phonological awareness, their understanding of particular sounds as they are associated with orthographic representations to the L2 (Vokic, p. 395). The English system, however, uses a variety of rules including vowel reduction and at times a complete disregard of vowels (Lord, p. 560), thus making it harder to acquire the new system and to achieve native-like fluency. Despite these challenges, it is important for language learners to acquire these skills in order to obtain at least a minimal intelligibility and level of effective communicate within the L2 (Saito, p. 251).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Grammar is traditionally subdivided into two areas of study – morphology and syntax. Morphology is the study of how words are formed out of smaller units, syntax studies the way in which phrases and sentences are structured out of words. Traditional grammar describes the syntax of a language in terms of a taxonomy (classification). This approach is based on the assumption that phrases and sentences are built up of a series of constituents, each of which belongs to a specific grammatical category and serves a specific grammatical function.... [tags: grammar, native language, syntax]
935 words (2.7 pages)
- Descriptive Grammar Vs. Prescriptive Grammar When grammar is put to use in a society, people will often have different beliefs at what is the "right" or "proper" usage. This had led to the formation of two widely accepted forms of grammar, Prescriptivism and Descriptivism. These forms will often separate those who believe their form of grammar is the only correct way from those who use many forms they find to be acceptable. Descriptive grammar is formed by analyzing how speakers use a language, and deducing the rules they follow.... [tags: Linguistics, Grammar, Syntax, Sociolinguistics]
1211 words (3.5 pages)
- Summary of “On the Need of Some Grammar” 1. In his chapter “On the Need of Some Grammar” found in Modern American Usage, Wilson Follett argues that we need grammar to govern our language. 2. Follett explains that the type of grammar we need is traditional. A traditional approach to grammar involves an emphasis on syntax. Syntax deals with how words relate to each other in a sentence. This knowledge of how words work together provides the type of logical analysis necessary to speak and write correctly.... [tags: Linguistics, Grammar, Linguistic prescription]
1186 words (3.4 pages)
- xplain Chomsky’s Theory of Syntax. Chomsky’s view of syntax is also referred to as generative grammar. According to Chomsky, individuals attempt to develop a small set of rules that they then use to create any sentence in a language. His theory of syntax is considered to have a surface level and a deeper level, also known as surface and deep structure. The surface structure would what an individual says or writes and the deep structure is what is meant in the message that has been communicated.... [tags: Linguistics, Language acquisition, Learning]
1608 words (4.6 pages)
- One can summarize that “universal grammar” believes that that there are rules that are founded in “all languages” (Cook and Newson 8). According to Ewa Da˛mentions another idea that applies to “universal grammar” is about the "poverty of stimulus" (Da˛browska 1). “Poverty of stimulus” is the idea is that one does not need to instruct a child on how to speak; rather it seems to come naturally to them (Da˛browska 8). By looking at certain tests, developments to certain languages, and similarities found in language this essay aims to demonstrate that the idea of universal grammar does exist within the human language.... [tags: Linguistics, Noam Chomsky, Language]
779 words (2.2 pages)
- For most bilingual speakers, the English language is hard to navigate. Like an unknown street, not natural to them, they stumble to find the words to say what they want to say; they trip over cracks of pronunciation, taking wrong turns over careless misuse, out of context phrasing, as they attempt to follow the rules of ambiguous signage established by others. “Uh, um, hmmm, how do you say…?” A long pause follows. The image that comes to mind is of a student scratching at their head, hesitating before finally delivering the “right” word.... [tags: learning English as a second language]
3213 words (9.2 pages)
- Language Acquisition Principles Stephen Krashen is one of the experts when it comes to language acquisition. He has theorized on the subject of second language acquisition for years and has been quite influential in the field of linguistics approaching the subject of second language acquisition by presenting his five hypotheses for his theory of acquiring a second language. His approach comes from his view that acquisition is obtained best through contextual conversation, which demonstrates his Acquisition-Learning hypothesis.... [tags: Language ]
1239 words (3.5 pages)
- Learning a first language in childhood is an experience that all normal functioning humans undergo. Learning a second language after childhood, however, is an experience which not everyone attempts or succeeds in. The question of whether learning one’s first language as a child is the same as learning subsequent languages as an adult is one that interests psychologists, scientists and linguists alike. Although in many respects the acquisition process of children learning their first language and adults learning their second, third or fourth language is similar, overall there are striking differences between the manner in which these two groups do so, which mean that the process is not essent... [tags: Linguistics, Language acquisition]
1535 words (4.4 pages)
- INTRODUCTION With regards to the knowledge the researchers have acquired throughout the study of developmental psychology is that, development of an individual happens gradually and that from the time a baby is born up until they can distinguish between different life processes in their surroundings and the feelings of those around them (especially the mother). They tend to acquire communication skills which go hand in hand with emotions they would be experiencing at that particular time, and in this way, they already know which emotion or action corresponds with which word they utter.... [tags: language, grammar, pre-schooler]
2309 words (6.6 pages)
- Second Language Acquisition As globalization become more embedded in daily life, second language acquisition is considered as a necessary for people to be more engaged in the modern society. However, learning a second language is not an easy task. In order to acquire a second language in a more effective way, issues concerning the role of consciousness in foreign language learning have been raised. While there are general debates about the best way of learning a second language, I will advocate for the position that unconscious learning is taking place as a significant portion of second language acquisition.... [tags: Language acquisition, Linguistics]
723 words (2.1 pages)