They were all part of different linguistic traditions. There was no common language. (Mesthrie, R. 2005, 279-315) these languages were restricted within a certain range as it served for definite purposes within a geographical area, mainly basic communication with natives. Language mixing was the element which brought about a simplified communication system to use. Pidgins have low prestige and negative associations, especially from outsiders (Mesthrie, R. 2005, 279-315). Pidgins are generally characterized as restricted and extended (Census 2021 and Ethnologue). There are different levels of pidgins. The Jargon is an unstable structure which has limited vocab. A Stable pidgin is a recognisable structure; it has fairly developed vocabulary but is limited to certain domains. An expanded structure is on a sophisticated level and vocabulary and starts expanding the usage, creolisation begins. And there's a Creole which is a fully fledged language which develo...
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...ts own identity and culture to which South Africans all over the country proudly live by.
Campbell, G. L. 1991. Compendium of the World's Languages, Vol. 1 - 2. London and New York : Routledge.
Grimes, B. F., ed. 1992. Ethnologue, Languages of the World. Dallas, Texas: Summer Institute of Linguistics.
Ponelis, Fritz. 1993. The Development of Afrikaans. Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Verlag Peter Lang.
Reberge, Paul T. 1994. The Formation of Afrikaans. Stellenbosch, South Africa: SPIL PLUS.
Holmes, J. 1992. An introduction to Sociolinguistics. London: Longman.
Hudson, R. 1980. Sociolinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mesthrie, R.; J Swann; A, Deumert and W, Leap (eds) Introducing Sociolinguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Pp 279-315.
Census 2021 and Ethnologue.
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