Children develop language in stages, pre-linguistic stage or age birth to 1 year is the stage where babies communicate through crying, cooing and gesturing, babies age 2 months will pause as if to mimic “conversation”.
The second stage is the one word stage age 1 year to 18 months; it is usually at this stage where children say their first word, however they will continue to babble throughout this stage. They also learn how to answer questions and by the end of this stage they should have a vocabulary of around 50 words.
The third stage covers the age range 18 months 3 years which is where children use simple short sentences known as telegraphic speech; they can speak in a grammatical context for example “mummy juice” however they oversimplify words such as using the word “dog” for both cats and dogs or using the word “feets” instead of feet. Two or three word sentences are usually formed around two years old.
By age 5 children are able to use more complex adult like conversation such as conjunctions and their vocabulary should be around 2,000 words and they should be able to make up rhymes, songs and jokes.
By the age of six they should be able to alter their speech according to who they are speaking too. (Mukherji et al 2000)
During the pre-linguistic stage Isabelle’s language would be interrupted as she was hidden away from society and her mother was “both deaf and mute” therefore Isabelle ...
... middle of paper ...
...guage therapist. Available: http://www.nhscareers.nhs.uk/details/default.aspx?id=288. Last accessed 13th Feb 2012.
Hobday, R. (1999). How Sunlight Can Prevent Serious Health Problems. Available: http://lifestylelaboratory.com/articles/hobday/sunlight-prevent-problems.html. Last accessed 16th Feb 2012.
Mukherji, P et al (2000). Understanding children's language and literacy. Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes. 44-54.
Trevarthen, C . (2011). Video bank: professor Colwyn Trevarthen: Relationships. Available: http://www.ltscotland.org.uk/video/p/video_tcm4637506.asp?strReferringChannel=search&strReferringPageID=tcm:4-615801-64. Last accessed 10th Feb 2012.
Trevarthen, C et al. (2003). infant intersubjectivity: research, theory and clinical applications. Available: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1469-7610.00701/pdf. Last accessed 16th feb 2012.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Motherese in Language Aquisition 'Motherese' is known as 'Caretaker speech' or 'Parentese'; this is an important part of language acquisition. According to Sara Thorne's mastering advanced English language. Motherese means: the 'altered interaction of adults towards children'. Motherese is an important part of bringing up children. Because it gives children specific opportunities to take part in the discourse of speaking. In Motherese utterances are simplified; notation patterns are distinctive; extra information is given for clarification and questions invite direct participation.... [tags: Papers]
1197 words (3.4 pages)
- Three theoretical approaches of Poverty in America Structural-Functionalism The structural-functional approach of poverty in America is all levels of stratification (economic, social classes) contribute important parts of keeping societies stabilize. Stratification has positives. “Society must somehow distribute its members in social positions and induce them to perform the duties of these positions” (Davis and Moore, 1945). Kingsley Davis and Wilbert E. Moore came with their theory that stratification is key to a structured society.... [tags: Sociology, Poverty, Working class, Karl Marx]
857 words (2.4 pages)
- During the last hundred years, English has become the most important language in the world. In the contemporary age, learning any foreign tongue has become both fashionable and necessary. But is there a perfect method which can be applied to achieve the appropriate level of English. I have been learning English for more than 10 years, but have never realized that there are so many different techniques and approaches to teach English as a second language. While studying, I have noticed that I had experienced some of them at the primary and secondary school.... [tags: Languages, ESL, Foreign Language]
1603 words (4.6 pages)
- English Language Instructional Program Approaches It is important to have in place an effective program for English language learners to ensure that they have as much educational success throughout their education as other students do. My local district is not diverse in language, but diverse in culture, creating less of a demand for a quality program for students learning English as their second language. The Pullout Traditional Instructional method is most likely the program used, however, it is not very effective.... [tags: English language, Second language, United Kingdom]
920 words (2.6 pages)
- Overview Four theoretical approaches to cognitive development Piaget’s theory Information processing theories Core knowledge theories Sociocultural theories (Vygotsky) General Themes Nature and nurture Continuity vs. discontinuity Active vs passive child Nurture (environment, learning) John Locke (1632-1704) –Infant’s mind as “tabula rasa” Behaviorism (e.g. Watson, Skinner) Nurture (environment, learning) 'A child's mind is a blank book. During the first years of his life, much will be written on the pages.... [tags: essays research papers]
770 words (2.2 pages)
- Theoretical Approaches to Speech Production There are two main theories of Speech production, Spreading Activation Theory - SAT (Dell, 1986: Dell & O’Seaghdha, 1991) and Word- Form Encoding by Activation and Verification – WEAVER++ (Levelt et al., 1989: 1999). The SAT theory was devised by Dell (1986) then revised by Dell & O’Seaghda (1991). The theory works on a 4 level connectionist model: parallel and dynamic. The Semantic level is the meaning of what is going to be said. The Syntactic level is the grammatical structure of the words in the planned utterance The Morphological level is the morphemes (basic units of meaning of word forms) in the planned sentence.... [tags: Spreading Activation Theory SAT]
512 words (1.5 pages)
- The aim of this essay is to analyse four theoretical approaches to psychology, including psychodynamic, humanistic, cognitive and behavioural. Analysing each approach in detail and identifying key features the approach uses to explain human behaviour. This essay will also analyse how successful each approach is in it methods, evidence gathering techniques and analyse how it can be applied to giving reasons for particular human behaviours. As well as analysing each approaches failings in it theories, methods and evidence gathering techniques.... [tags: Psychology, Mind, Unconscious mind]
1931 words (5.5 pages)
- To conceptualize, choose, and use effectively a distinct theoretical approach, a therapist really needs to conceptualize change, define his values, and articulate their core beliefs about other people. It's good to be exposed to a variety of theories in order to have a solid base when working with clients. After all, a theory provides the counselor with a framework that they can use to explore the counseling process, the client’s problems, and to measure progress. Theories are very diverse and unique to each therapist.... [tags: psychology, orientation]
1650 words (4.7 pages)
Influences of the Rationalist, Structuralist and Culturalist Theoretical Approaches on Comparative Politics
- ... Political theorist Antonio Gramsci pointed out that coherence between these two schools of thought can be found when considering the fact that whilst, according to Marxist teachings, capitalist societies are based on underlying structural conflict between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie, the manifestation of such conflict is dependent on the cultural circumstances of the country concerned. Similarly to culturalists, structuralists adopt a form of methodological holism. Structuralists task themselves with identifying the underlying dynamics that govern social systems as a whole, and upon doing so are able to embark on comparison between larger groups of countries governed by similar s... [tags: behavior, cost, society]
1615 words (4.6 pages)
- Natural Language Processing in Theoretical Application Abstract: In this paper, I will be discussing the creation and implementation of a device that will utilize the concepts of natural language processing and apply it to everyday activities. The device will be a carry-along unit that can be adapted to several devices a person would use everyday, like the car, items in the kitchen, and your computer. This device will be portable, compact, durable and adaptable. The device will not just adapt to any device however, the capability to interface with the device will have to be built into the objects that the device will interact with.... [tags: essays research papers]
2085 words (6 pages)