To begin reading children need a strong back ground in the language he or she is trying to read. Knowledge of basic grammar rules and a big vocabulary help children make meaning of what they are reading. Without this knowledge words can be seemingly random, and the reader has a harder time predicting what an unfamiliar word may be.
Having a rich vocabulary, where the reader knows the meaning behind the words, helps in the reading process. Being able to decode a word is only part of the process; a person has to understand what the word means to fully comprehend what is written. While some people might be able to read and pronounce words written in Spanish that does not always mean he or she can understand what is being read.
Teachers should be constantly working on building their students vocabularies. In the earlier grades, it is very easy to build it in as most of the language typically used in school is new vocabulary; sum, difference, characters, title, etc… Children need to not only hear the words but also use it themselves in the proper context. Teaching children new words to describe what they already know can also help them to a boring sentence into one that helps their audience really understand what is being said. A sentence of ‘I like blue cars’, while technically correct does not convey as much meani...
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Lonigan, C. J., Anthony, J. L., Phillips, B. M., Purpura, D. J., Wilson, S. B., & McQueen, J. D. (2009). The nature of preschool phonological processing abilities and their relations to vocabulary, general cognitive abilities, and print knowledge. Journal of Educational Psychology, 101(2), 345-358.
McGinty, A. S., & Justice, L. M. (2009, Feburary). Predictors of print knowledge in children with specific language impairments. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Reasearch, 51(1), 81-97.
The Elementary Teachers' Federation of Ontario. (2011). ETFO FEED. Retrieved September 7, 2011, from Phonological processin: http://www.etfo.ca/Multimedia/Webcasts/SpecialEducation/Pages/Phonological%20Processing.aspx
Wei, X., Blackorby, J., & Schiller, E. (2011). Growth in reading achievement of students with disabilities ages 7 to 17. Exceptional Children, 78(1), 89-106.
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