Language Acquisition Essay

Language Acquisition Essay

Length: 1709 words (4.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

What is language? Language is a set of arbitrary symbols that enables every individual in the community to communicate and interact. These symbols contain acceptable meanings by the society and culture. Possessing a language is essential in all human; every normal human speaks but nonhuman does not. Acquisition, on the other hand, means learning or getting. Therefore, language acquisition basically means the learning or the gaining of a language. Language acquisition is normally viewed as a part of cognitive science. Many psychologists like Pavlov, Skinner, Jean Piaget, Vygotsky and Chomsky had done researches on this particular field. Language acquisition is an interesting subject to study and discuss on. Every normal child acquires his or first language – usually the mother tongue successfully in their first few years. The matter that most psychologists concern on is the critical age in first language acquisition. Is there a limit in the aspect of age for first language acquisition? Is it true that once a child passes the critical age, he will not be able to learn a language properly?
Noam Chomsky proposed that language learning is innate. This simply means that human are born with wired-in capability of acquiring language. All children are able to discover the structures and rules of their native languages themselves. He claimed that children need not be taught formally to acquire language; input does not play an important role. Unlike what Behaviorists had proposed earlier that learning is an imitation, Chomsky stated that language acquisition involves very minimum imitation. Even though language is a complex system, children are able to acquire it without much effort and in a short period of time. Chomsky had also claimed t...


... middle of paper ...


... on Language and Deaf Education. Washington: Gallaudet University Press.
6. Pinker S. (1994). The Language Instinct: The New Science of Language and Mind. UK: Penguin.
7. http://www.tsuyama-ct.ac.jp/kats/papers/kn7/kn7.htm Retrieved on March 5, 2010
8. http://www.timothyjpmason.com/WebPages/LangTeach/Licence/CM/OldLectures/L3_ExtremeCircs.htm Retrieved on March 5, 2010
9. http://www.experiencefestival.com/a/Critical_period_-_Linguistics/id/4954851 Retrieved on March 5, 2010
10. http://www.experiencefestival.com/a/Language_acquisition_-_The_Critical_Period_Hypothesis/id/5222171 Retrieved on March 5, 2010
11. http://users.ecs.soton.ac.uk/harnad/Papers/Py104/pinker.langacq.html Retrieved on March 5, 2010
12. http://www.unsolvedmysteries.com/usm433991.html Retrieved on March 8, 2010
13. http://www.lauraleemoore.com/criticalperiod.html Retrieved on March 8, 2010

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Language Development And Language Acquisition Essays

- According to most linguists, language starts from the womb before birth. It is not taught but rather a natural occurrence that happens very fast; while phonological learning start right from birth, between 0 month to thirty six months, an infant is quite able to understand most of the basis of speech like phonemes, morphemes, parts of speech, phrases and order of phrases. According to behaviorist, first language acquisition is systematic, but for the nativist it is innate. At birth, a child has universal grammar which is a language acquisition device in the brain that is adapt for learning and acquire language....   [tags: Language acquisition, Linguistics]

Powerful Essays
1150 words (3.3 pages)

The Cultural Aspect Of Language Acquisition Essay

- A multitude of other factors, besides those neurological or otherwise biological in origin affect second language acquisition (Baker). We have already established that second language acquisition is influenced by the age of the learner; children, who have a literate foundation in their maternal tongue, often seem to be in the best position to successfully acquire a second language. Driven, adult learners can be very successful too, but frequently have issues achieving “native” speaker quality equivalent pronunciation and intonation....   [tags: Linguistics, Second language acquisition]

Powerful Essays
718 words (2.1 pages)

Second Language Acquisition ( Sla ) Essay

- Second Language Acquisition By definition, language acquisition makes reference to the process by which human beings acquire their capacity for not only comprehending and perceiving language but also for producing both words and sentences with the aim of communicating. Second Language Acquisition (SLA) thus refers to the process taken by people to learn a second language. In this case, a second language is defined as a language spoken in the locale of a person but is not necessarily their native language....   [tags: Language acquisition, Linguistics]

Powerful Essays
1428 words (4.1 pages)

The Communication Barrier And Language Acquisition Essays

- Take a look around in any instruction manual, what do you notice besides the instructions. The fact that it is printed in at least two different languages, sometimes even more. The United States is often referred to as the melting pot of many cultures. Therefore, the people speak many different languages. The use of these languages is a way of communicating amongst these cultures. As a result, it is becoming necessary to learn more than one language in order to properly communicate. The communication barrier can be eased through the learning of a second language by English speaking Americans....   [tags: Linguistics, Second language acquisition]

Powerful Essays
1937 words (5.5 pages)

Essay about The Field Of Second Language Acquisition

- The role of input: Many theories in the field of second language acquisition highlight Krashen’s input hypothesis in some degree and focus on how an L2 learner uses the input they are exposed to whether spoken or written. Krashen’s theory of input is a fundamental approach to SLA along side the interaction hypothesis which transfer raw data into the production of language (output) directed by feedback. According to Krashen, the input hypothesis is the answer to how the natural order hypothesis takes place which assists L2 learner to moves from one stage to the next in SLA....   [tags: Linguistics, Second language acquisition]

Powerful Essays
793 words (2.3 pages)

Learning A Second Language Acquisition Essay

- Second Language Acquisition As globalization become more embedded in daily life, second language acquisition is considered as a necessary for people to be more engaged in the modern society. However, learning a second language is not an easy task. In order to acquire a second language in a more effective way, issues concerning the role of consciousness in foreign language learning have been raised. While there are general debates about the best way of learning a second language, I will advocate for the position that unconscious learning is taking place as a significant portion of second language acquisition....   [tags: Language acquisition, Linguistics]

Powerful Essays
723 words (2.1 pages)

Age and Second Language Acquisition Essay

- With the increasing popularity of dual immersion programs in schools and the widespread notion that language acquisition is something that needs to happen early on life, is there an ideal age to learn a second language (L2). Wilder Penfield and Lamar Roberts first introduced the idea that there is a “critical period” for learning language in 1959. This critical period is a biologically determined period referring to a period of time when learning/acquiring a language is relatively easy and typically meets with a high degree of success....   [tags: Second Language Acquisition]

Powerful Essays
1492 words (4.3 pages)

Essay Language Acquisition And Brain Development

- Throughout history, many schools of thought have examined humans’ ability to understand and utilize language. Ancient philosophers, like Plato, used their observations to pose notions of language acquisition and early Indian scholars began the first debates between nativists and behaviorists (Stanford Encyclopedia). These early thinkers only touched upon this human process, as our modern day tests have shown that there are specific stages to acquiring language, varying ideas on whether language is innate or learned, and a definitive, but rarely studied, window for any human to acquire language....   [tags: Linguistics, Language acquisition]

Powerful Essays
1209 words (3.5 pages)

The Second Language Acquisition Theories Essays

- Second Language Acquisition Theories (Summarization of Cummins’ and Krashen 's Theories and Implications to ELL)
 According to Cummins, the first type of communication is Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (BICS) and it pertains to the social development of a language which can normally be attained fairly quickly within the first few years of acquiring a new language. The social conversations are usually informal forms of communicating where individuals use this type of communicating when speaking or listening to another individual face to face where the vocabulary content is less difficult....   [tags: Language acquisition, Linguistics]

Powerful Essays
1111 words (3.2 pages)

Language Acquisition Essay

- Language is perceived as the way humans communicate through the use of spoken words, it involves particular system and styles in which we interact with one another (Oxford 2009). Possessing this ability to communicate through the use of language is thought to be a quintessential human trait (Pinker 2000). Learning a language, know as language acquisition, is something that every child does successfully within a few years. Language acquisition is in itself the development by which humans acquire the ability to perceive, produce and use words to understand and communicate....   [tags: Language Acquisition]

Powerful Essays
1370 words (3.9 pages)