Geographically Turkey is made of seven regions and while majority of the country is mountonuse and is covered by forest, 3 out of 7 regions are costal ( University of Gothenburg, 2009). The country has about 28,054.000 arable land and even though the thriving industry is agriculture, only 17.5 % of the land is prime (Jones & Montanarella, 2003). According to a study done by University of Edinburg the main environmental issues in Turkey are air and water pollution, land degradation, and loss of biodiversity and ecosystem; each exposing the country to different risk and heighten the disaster outcomes in the last few decades.
There are a few causes that may lead or cause land degradation and not all are caused by human activity. In turkey these causes are rise in population, rapid migration and urbanization, erosion...
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...als with emergency management but also in fundamental approaches of agencies in order to reduce risks and hazards.
University of Gothenburg (2009). Turkey Environemntal climate change policy brief. university of Gothinburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
Jones, R. J., & Montanarella, L. (2003). Land degradation. The JRC enlargement action. The European Commision joint research center.
Ozturk, M., Ozcelik, O., Sakcali, S., & Guvensen, A. (2004). Land Degradation Problems in Turkey. . International society of environmental botanists.
World Risik Report (2012). World Risk Reprt: Envionmental degradation and disasters.
EIA. (2010). Turkey: Environmental issues. United States Energy Information Administration. Retrieved from http://www.nuce.boun.edu.tr/turkey.html
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