La Movida began when Dictator Francisco Franco died in Madrid on November 19th, 1975. Franco’s 36-year reign had been one in which rigid public and church laws preserved the traditional role of family, enforced formal relations between the sexes, and controlled expression in the press and media. Eager to distance themselves from Franco’s repression and censorship, Spain quickly began the move to democracy called the “Transition”. King Juan Carlos I helped the transition by quickly naming Adolfo Suárez Prime Minister. Spain’s first democratic vote in over 40 years took place in 1977, and a new constitution was signed in 1978. That constitution is still in place now. In 1979, Enrique Tierno Galván became the mayor of Madrid, the capital of Spain. In this position he had a lot of power to help or hinder La Movida. His choices helped Spain to move past its repressive past. Then, in 1982 the Socialist PSOE party, headed by Felipe González, was voted in by a landslide and became Spain’s first leftist government since the 1930s.
Politics had played a large part in the movement’s beginning, and they continued to be important to La M...
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...le artists include Mariscal, Guillermo Perez-Villalta, and the artist duo La Costus. An unconventional but wildly popular artist of La Movida was the graffiti artist Juan Carlos Argüello, usually known by his tag, “Muelle”. He painted his tag all over Madrid and became extremely well-known. Once as he was driving away after painting his tag a police officer pulled him over. After asking him if he had painted the tag, the officer just asked for Muelle’s autograph! Another personality was Francisco Umbral, a writer for the periodical El País.
Today, “La Movida” is an interchangeable term for hedonistic partying. The spirit of the movement lives on in Madrid Malasaña neighborhood, the place La Movida was first born. Plaza Dos de Mayo and the surrounding area is frequented by people of all walks of life. Many nightlife premises play music that pays homage to the era.
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