First there should be some sort of background to the occupation of Korea by the United States and the Soviet Union. Korea had been under the Japanese empire since 1910, and at the end of the World War II the Conference in Cairo was held. This conference was attended by President of the United States Franklin Roosevelt, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Winston Churchill, and Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek of the Republic of China. The reason behind this conference was to strip Japan of all its territories including Korea. It was mutually decided that the United States would enter the South part of Korea and the Soviet Union would enter the North part of Korea. Thus the 38th parallel was created. “It followed no political boundaries or physical features within Korea. As a U.S. Army historian later noted, it passed through more than 75 streams, and 12 rivers, intersected many high ridges at variant angles, severed 181 small car roads, 104 country roads, 15 provincial all weather roads, 8 better class highways, and 6 north-south rail lines.”(Stueck)
In the traditionalism argument, the placing...
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...s in charge of North Korea. By himself Kim Il sung would have had a hard time gaining that much power and authority in North Korea. He wouldn’t have been able to do much of anything without the assistance of the Soviet Union.
“A significant part of this assistance was the creation of a North-Korean army, which the Soviets equipped with weaponry captured from the Japanese and subsequently provided with the most modern Soviet military equipment. Under the guidance of Soviet military adiversrs, compulsory military conscription was introduced, military training schools established, new airfields built. By 1948 North Korea had a well-trained and well- equipped military of 200,000 men, which was soon to be reinforced by battle-hardened Korean veterans who had fought with the Chinese communists against the Japanese and the Nationalists in the Chinese civil war.”(Rich 358)
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