The first level is Pre-Conventional, which is comprised of the stages of obedience and self-interest. Obedience asks the question how can the individual avoid punishment. This stage is focused on the consequences of the individual’s direct actions. The decision on whether or not to proceed with the activity is the risk, how much trouble will be dealt to the individual. As defined in our textbook, “During stage 1, morality of punishment and obedience, children blindly obey authority and avoid punishment.” (Geller, 2015). For example, a child named Bobby is triple dog dared to use a spit ball to disrupt a class. However, Bobby knows the punishment for a spit ball is detention and decides not to participate in the juvenile activity.
The second stage of the level Pre-Conventional is self-interest. This is where an individual chooses what is in their best interest and asks the very popular question “what’s in it for me”. Stage two cares very little of others opinion or interest. There is an exception, the individual may partake in an activity if something of equal value will be done in return. This stage doesn’t care how much respect or how loyal the other person deserves. Self-Interest is just that, serving the individuals needs and ...
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...ry about finances. From his perspective of a lower income family college is scary especially the loan and possible student debt after graduation. We both see the world differently but both respect the views of the other.
The final stage, universal ethical principles, is mainly focuses on the moral reasoning based on abstract reasoning. This stage really takes into account the thinking of walking in another person’s shoes. An individual will act because it is right, not just to avoid any form of punishment. Stage six states it is okay to disobey unjust laws and social contract are unneeded due to morality. Decisions are made absolute and not hypothetical. For example, when playing a game of any kind its always right to be fair and respectful. Personally, when playing a card game, I never try to peak at the other player’s card to take an advantage, it’s just unfair.
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