According to theorist Raymond Cattell the human population has a total of twenty primary abilities and six secondary abilities in addition to two types of intelligences. He based his intelligence beliefs on a system of hierarchy and that the stability dynamics of an individuals system can adapt over time. The two types of intelligences are Crystallized and Fluid. Crystallized intelligence comes from the experiences over a lifespan. An example of Crystallized intelligence is the ability to play an instrument. The knowledge of playing comes from its prior experience. An example of Fluid intelligence is a child learning strategies to put together a complex puzzle. Fluid intelligence is knowledge that decreases over a life span.
Although there are two types of intelligences everyone does not learn the same way. Over time I have learned that there is truth to Howard Gardner’s theory of Multiple Intelligences. In reference to the Ahanbor and Sadighi (2014) “...
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...d myself exploring and experiencing Cattell’s theories. I find myself referring back to the fundamentals of studying learned in elementary school: setting in a quiet space, repetition of process and old rituals. In reading the article by Breidablik, Diseth and Meland (2014) “Self-beliefs among students: Grade level and gender differences in self-esteem, self-efficacy and implicit theories of intelligence” (p.2) I can defiantly relate that a student’s self esteem is contingent upon their ability to self-efficate for themselves. In regards to myself I know that if I set myself to achieve something and I don’t meet that goal my level of self-esteem does become affected. Knowing this I encourage all teachers and students to learn their type of learning style matched with specific intelligences because they do matter in relation to each other.
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