First, it is important to illustrate how extension and comparison work in day-to-day situations before moving on to how these functions assist us in understanding God. Suppose you have a friend you have known all of your life. We will call him Patrick. Patrick is a generally reliable friend, so you are content with having thi...
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...which have varying amounts of goodness, something must be good beyond all the other things. In such a world, we might know God is good beyond all else, but without evil, the significance of that knowledge is diminished. When there is good and evil, another dimension is added. A tension is added. Even if it is a psychological response, humans are more compelled when there are two opposing sides. We see God as being so good, that he can easily overcome and conquer the most evil of things. Mackie is wrong to claim it is fallacious to believe the universe is better off with evil. Without evil, our minds could not begin to understand how special God truly is.
Mackie, J.L. "Evil and Omnipotence." Philosophy of Religion. 4th ed. Eds. Michael Peterson, et al. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. 288-296. Print.
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