Kill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee Essay

Kill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee Essay

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People are responsible for acting according to their conscience. The justice system was created in order to be our aid in making moral and ethical decisions, but when the Justice system fails, we should still be able to follow our conscience to make the right the decision. In Harper Lee’s novel “To Kill a Mockingbird,” one of the characters, Atticus Finch, helps not only characters in the book, but the readers, understand that the legal system does not always serve justice, in fact, the legal system only is as moral and just as the community it serves. In the town of Maycomb, just like many towns in the American south during the 1930s, racism as a personal feeling and racism as a cultural, legal, and economic institution are practically one and the same. Through the eyes of the main protagonist, Scout, we learn how responses to racism differ between adults and children.
Scout, who is young and naïve, was raised by her father, Atticus, an educated and well-mannered lawyer, and by her Black nanny, Calpurnia. The adults Scout grew up with didn’t have the same prejudices or lynch mob mentality as the rest of the town, and they made sure to shield Scout and her brother Jem from the reality of the world for as long as they could. Because Scout is an innocent, she can’t fully understand the actions of the adults around her, which causes her to ask questions and draw attention to the prejudices adults usually ignore or see as normal. For example, when Atticus was guarding Tom Robinson at the jail and the group of men approached Atticus, Scout couldn’t read the situation and didn’t know that those men were there to kill Tom Robinson and were willing to go through Atticus to do it, so she thought it was ok to go ahead and talk to the men w...


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...e children; Cecil Jacobs referred to Black people as “niggers” (Lee 99) because that’s how his father and the town taught him to refer to black people as, whereas Atticus tells Scout to never say that word because its “common” (Lee 99) meaning uneducated. Even though Atticus wasn’t confronting everyone with racist views, what he was doing was way more effective than going for to door educating people, he was educating his children, educating the next generation on how to act in the face of racism and he showed them what was right from wrong. By teaching his kids these important lessons he is making sure that they pass their knowledge on to everyone else and that by doing that the next generation won’t be as ignorant as the previous one. Atticus didn’t have an insufficient response to racism; he just understood that he couldn’t change the town, but the children could.

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