Key Events in Aboriginal Australian History

Key Events in Aboriginal Australian History

Length: 921 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
What is the connection between official education policies and key events in Aboriginal Australian history? How have Aboriginal people responded to these policies?
Key events in Aboriginal Australian history stem from the time Australia was first discovered in 1788. For instance, when Federation came into existence in 1901, there was a prevailing belief held by non Aboriginal Australians that the Aborigines were a dying race (Nichol, 2005:259) which resulted in the Indigenous people being excluded from the constitution except for two mentions – Section 127 excluded Aborigines from the census and Section 51, part 26, which gave power over Aborigines to the States rather than to the Federal Government. Aboriginal people were officially excluded from the vote, public service, the Armed Forces and pensions. The White Australia mentality/policy Australia as “White” and unfortunately this policy was not abolished until 1972. REFERENCE
Parbury (1999:64) states that Aboriginal education “cannot be separated” from the non-Aboriginal attitudes (racially based ethnocentricity that were especially British ie. white and Christian) towards Aborigines, their culture and their very existence. The Mission Schools are an early example of the connection between official education policies and key events in Aboriginal history. Aboriginal children were separated from their parents and placed into these schools which according to McGrath (as cited by Parbury, 1999:66) it was recommended that these establishments be located ‘as far as possible’ from non Aboriginal residents so as to minimize any heathen influence that Aboriginal children might be subject to from their parents. Mission Schools not only prepared Aboriginal youth for the manual labour market but also, adds Parbury (1999:67) their aim was‘to destroy Aboriginal culture and replace it with an Anglo-European work and faith ethic.’ Despite the NSW Public Instruction Act (1880) which made education free, secular and compulsory for all children Aboriginal children could be excluded from public schools based on prevailing dominant group attitudes. Consequently, the NSW Aborigines Protection Act (1909) was introduced as a result of a perceived public education crisis and Laws had already been passed, similar to protectionist type policies. This Act gave the State the power to remove Aboriginal children from their families whereby this period of time has become known as ‘Stolen Generations.’ It was during this time that Aboriginal children were segregated from mainstream schools. (Parbury, 1999; Lippman, 1994).

According to Keefe (1992:53) “Aboriginality is a complex social reality, only artificially explained by the abstract divisions of resistance and persistence’ and modern history demonstrates the connections between official education policies (or attitudes used by the dominant group) and key events in Aboriginal Australian history.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Key Events in Aboriginal Australian History." 123HelpMe.com. 15 Dec 2018
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=202020>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about The Hornsby Shire and The Aboriginal People

- The Hornsby Shire is geographically located along the north shore, running down to the coast of Brookyln surrounding up to the area of Epping, Sydney, covering 6000 hectares of public bushland. According to the 2012 Hornsby Council Statistics there is currently a population of 165090. Through the findings of historical culture, markings and landmarks the current society has understood the large existence of Aboriginals on the land. This local tribe of Aboriginals are the: Guringai people. “The Aboriginal heritage of the Hornsby Shire Region was at least 15000 to 20000 years old by the time European Settlers arrived in 1788.” (Hornsby Shire Council, n.d.)....   [tags: Australia, Indigenous, Culture]

Research Papers
788 words (2.3 pages)

State of Health of Australian Aborigenes Essay

- The World Health Organization defines health as “a state of complete, physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” (International Health Conference, 1948) When considering this definition, which has remained unamended since 1948, it is clear that there is a vast interplay of factors that have led to the poor state of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health. Such factors can include employment, income, education, stress, working and living conditions, geography and limited autonomy amongst many more which can be collectively considered the “social determinants of health” (Wilkinson & Marmot, 2003)....   [tags: health care, social sciences]

Research Papers
1883 words (5.4 pages)

The Diversity Of The Australian Dance Industry Essay example

- The Northern Territory is known for its culturally diverse population and some would say it is the ‘multicultural hub’ of Australia. With all of these cultures comes distinctive customs and traditions. Throughout history dance has been used to help people develop a sense of identity, the younger generations are also taught social patterns and values through the different dances. The significance of these traditional dances was to reinforce and celebrate cultural law and practices including the celebration of the passage from child to adulthood or spiritual worship....   [tags: Culture, Indigenous peoples]

Research Papers
1807 words (5.2 pages)

Roles Of Social Workers And Welfare Authorities With Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islanders Affairs During The Time Of The

- This essay will discuss the roles of social workers and welfare authorities with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders affairs during the time of the stolen generation which occurred between 1900’s-1960. Through the use of secondary and primary sources this essay will consider the subsequent impacts of these roles and how this has affected contemporary Australia. Because the stolen generation was such a traumatic event within the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander’s lives, this has had a significant impact on their wellbeing in today’s society....   [tags: Indigenous Australians, Indigenous peoples]

Research Papers
2094 words (6 pages)

Integrated Planning Matrix Essay examples

- The town of Griffith, set in the New South Wales Riverina district, is a rural farming community, but is also seen as a cosmopolitan mecca thanks to the many Italian families who have immigrated and opened fine restaurants and clothing boutiques. There is a high population of Indian as well as South Pacific Islander (Fijian, Tongan and Samoan) migrants, and also a large percentage of Indigenous Australians from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander descent. This cultural diversity is reflected through the 600 students enrolled at Murrumbidgee State School from Kindergarten to Year 6, and this Integrated Planning Matrix has been formulated for Year 4, which has a total of 106 students divided...   [tags: Australian Curriculum]

Research Papers
1758 words (5 pages)

The National Apology of 2008 Essay

- Intro: 50-80 words The National Apology of 2008 is the latest addition to the key aspects of Australia’s reconciliation towards the Indigenous owners of our land. A part of this movement towards reconciliation is the recognition of Indigenous Australians and Torres Strait Islanders rights to their land. Upon arrival in Australia, Australia was deemed by the British as terra nullius, land belonging to no one. This subsequently meant that Indigenous Australians and Torres Strait Islanders were never recognised as the traditional owners....   [tags: Australian reconciliation with aborigines]

Research Papers
1244 words (3.6 pages)

Ethnocentricity and Non-Aboriginal Australians Essay

- History has shown that Non-Aboriginal Australia most defiantly was ethnocentric in regards to Aboriginal people. Looking at the obviously poor and unjust treatment of Aboriginal people early in the countries history and whether or not attitudes and policies have really changed. There have been changes in public opinion and in political opinion with the acceptance and the welfare of aboriginal people over the past one hundred years but has there been enough change to say that there is no longer any ethnocentrism....   [tags: Non-Aboriginal, Australia, ]

Research Papers
1304 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on The Effects of European Immigration on Australian Aboriginal Culture

- Introduction The Aborigines are the indigenous people of Australia. According to their traditional beliefs, the Aborigines have inhabited Australia since the beginning of time, but most modern dating techniques have placed the first native Australians at closer to 60,000 years ago, based on carbon dating of fossils and knowledge of geological changes in the region. Sea levels have fluctuated throughout history and were 200 meters lower at the time the ancestors of the Aborigines were thought to have made their way to Australia....   [tags: Aboriginal Australia History Essays]

Research Papers
2744 words (7.8 pages)

Social Implications Of Aboriginal Australians Essay

- ‘Aboriginal Australians are arguably one of the most traumatised people in the world’ (Nadew, 2012, p.2). The forcible removal of Australian Indigenous children from their families during the 1900’s became official government policy until 1969; the children who were taken away are now known as the ‘Stolen Generations’. A loss of cultural affiliation, an entrenched mistrust and anger towards non-Indigenous peoples, a loss of spirituality and connection to ancestors, substance and alcohol abuse and mental illness (Korff, 2015) are a mere few effects that ‘continue to resound through generations of Aboriginal families’ (Dudgeon & Hirvonen, 2014)....   [tags: Indigenous Australians, Australia, Queensland]

Research Papers
1657 words (4.7 pages)

Australian History Essay

- Australia History Australia’s history begins over 50,000 years ago with the first settlement of aboriginal people. The aboriginal people were said to have first arrived by boat from south East Asia at least 50,000 years ago. Australia’s first aboriginal people were believed to have spoken over 250 different languages and lived in over 300 clans across the continent. However, some people would argue that Australia’s history truly began in 1770 when Captain James Cook chartered the east coast of Australia and claimed the land for Britain....   [tags: Globalization, aboriginals, Australia]

Research Papers
1106 words (3.2 pages)

Aboriginality as Persistance or Resistance are two key responses which on one level seem contradictory yet their common ground is based on the desire for a unified and self determinative identity. An example of Aboriginality as Persistance is notion of ‘sharing is caring’ which is compared to the selfishness of stereotypical dominant other. The connection between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australians has been fraught with indifference, cruelty, racism, exclusion, discriminatory behaviour and prejudicial attitudes by the dominant group over the lesser ‘savage, hopeless, black’ group. Hollinsworth (2006:122) adds that not only was the indifference and low regard for Indigenous culture ‘immoral’ but also foolish and doomed to fail. Examples of Aborigines response to these policies included rejection and mistrust of the education provided (Nichol, 2005:256), they also petitioned in response to the dispossession of land in 1881 (Nichol, 2005:259), Aboriginal parents complained when their children were excluded from school (Parbury, 1999:68) and more recently an overt form of resistance is the irregular attendance of Aboriginal students at school (‘jigging’) as well as ‘cheeky behaviour, sullen withdrawal and inattention (Keefe, 1992:57).’

The collaborative efforts of groups of Aboriginal Australians resulted in the most significant response that was the 1967 Referendum when an overwhelming majority of Australians voted to include Aborigines in the census and thus removed the constitutional restrictions placed on Aboriginal Australians. Despite the many injustices being committed by government and private individuals alike, both non Aboriginal and Aboriginal people continued efforts to seek equality, justice and access to meaningful public education for Aboriginal children and adults. Accordingly, the success of initiatives such as the establishment of Tranby College in the late 1950s, Aboriginal Education Consultative Groups in the 1970s, Aboriginal Studies subjects, language revival and teaching can be attributed to their dedication and commitment (Aboriginal Education Policy http://alex.edfac.usyd.edu.au/localresource/departpol/abedpolicy.html).
Furthermore, Aboriginal response to official policies has been to redress the issues of inequality and previous negative perceptions of Aboriginal culture and history with the aim of a more inclusive and equitable future where all men and women, regardless of race, gender or other are respected, valued and offered equal opportunities regarding education.

Return to 123HelpMe.com