Birth & infancy 0-3years
Cognitive development - From birth a baby should be able to cry when in need of attention. Babies should also blink in reaction to bright light and be able to follow movements of objects. Babies have reflexes such as sucking, grasping and crying. Around 12 months they begin recognizing familiar people from a certain distance. Two year olds should be able use a spoon for self-feeding, put shoes on and draw circles and dots. They also start to use a preferred hand as well as following simple instructions. Around the age of three years old, children can understand time by morning, afternoon and evening and can pay close attention to stories and make remarks related to those stories.
Behaviour development – Babies and young infants’ behaviour is mainly dominated by using crying as a means of communication. They can turn their heads towards the smell of their care giver or food. From the age of two years, children often start getting upset when sharing their toys with other children. They could be aggressive towards others (hitting, kicking, biting etc.). At this stage they may have fear towards strangers and may have difficulties in sleeping.
Social workers tend to be more actively involved at this stage than at any other life stage in the human lifespan. At birth & infancy if a child doesn’t blink in reaction to bright lights it could be that the child is blind. If it confirmed that a child is blind, soc...
... middle of paper ...
...e stages. At old age people may forget things easily and diseases such as Alzheimers may not enable them to do things by themselves, so social workers may get involved in looking for the best care which suits their needs in this case it could be assisted living accommodation. At old age people can be emotional isolated due to bereavement and they may slow down productivity. In this case social workers can get involved by adding a routine to their lifestyle such as getting more involved with the community or going to day care centres.
In conclusion I think social workers are more involved at three life stages which are birth& infancy, childhood and old age because they are more vulnerable. They get involved a lot more during adolescence and adulthood when the service user has a disability or they are going through a difficult time such as divorce or domestic violence.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Theories of Cognitive Development There are four main theories discussed when teaching cognitive development: Piagetian, information-processing, sociocultural, and dynamic-systems. The first and most recognizable is the Piagetian theory founded by Jean Piaget. Piaget views children as “little scientists” who create hypotheses, preform experiments, and draw conclusions from their observations. He claimed development involves three main continuities: assimilation, accommodation, and equilibration.... [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]
1055 words (3 pages)
- A number of aspects can influence one’s mind and its relationship with the world, and how it grows and flourishes. Both genetic and environmental traits have a contribution to the development of cognition and intelligence. Biologically, a person is born with the same number of brain cells they will ever possess, however, a person’s complete brain function capacity and strength will take years to solidify as neural networks grow more complex (Hank, 2014). Biological maturation will allow for such growth processes, and it enables orderly changes in behavior to take place.... [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]
1417 words (4 pages)
- Discuss Erikson 's stages of psychosocial development. Explain the aspects of this theory that are the most convincing. Erikson felt that one of the most important states is the intimacy versus isolation where we learn to build intimate relationships. Which stage do you believe is the most significant and Why. Stage 1- Trust vs. Mistrust This stage deals with the ages from birth to 1 year. This is the stage when infants learn who they can trust and cannot trust. When care, attention, love and affection are shown, the infant tends to have a stronger trust bond.... [tags: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development]
903 words (2.6 pages)
- Cognitive development is best described as how a person's thought process develops, and how these thought processes impact how we comprehend and interact in the world (Cherry, 2014). As a person progresses through life from childhood to adulthood, the manner to which they take in knowledge and mature is the basic theory of cognitive development. There are many different opinions and theories to cognitive development, but through each of these there are three things that are always constant; 1. There are multiple stages of learning throughout a person's life, and each person will inevitably experience each of these stages.... [tags: cognitive development, knowledge, jean piaget]
1832 words (5.2 pages)
- Childhood play behavior is an important part of every child’s life. Starting in infancy, children begin to explore their world through play. This behavior can serve as an indicator of the child’s cognitive and social development. The research on play and development is a key to helping caregivers understand the importance of childhood play. This paper will focus on the psychological aspects of childhood play behavior and its relation to cognitive development. According to the cognitive development theory, the purpose of play is to develop intelligence.... [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]
1571 words (4.5 pages)
- Piaget states that a child’s cognitive development has a direct link to the way the child sees the world and their biological development. Essentially what he explains is that the way a child thinks becomes less decentred as they grow older and develop. This essay will go onto explain the four stages of development that Piaget says a child goes through and evidence to support this including his findings. It will then go on to discuss that in fact the developmental stages may be more complex than originally found to be, and Piaget may have underestimated the importance of specific aspects of the child’s experience.... [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]
1635 words (4.7 pages)
- Part one (Summary of what you read and found interesting from the chapter) In the intro of chapter two I found the most interesting part of the chapter was the functional analysis of behavior they spoke about the two ways in which we classify behavior of organisms: structurally and functionally. Focusing on the structural approach, which is defined as “ behavior is categorized by age to infer stages of development”. Describing how psychologists are more interested in focusing on the developmental intellect of a child 's growth.... [tags: Psychology, Cognition, Cognitive psychology]
817 words (2.3 pages)
- Raising children is not an easy task because it requires strength, love, and patience. In today 's society, to spank, or not to spank, is one of the most crucial decisions parents make on the daily basis. Most parents look at physical punishment as child abuse, others view it as a form of disciplinary action. To discipline children, Developmental Psychologist Jean Piaget and John Bowlby provide readers with the necessities of how discipline should be applied. Through Piaget Cognitive Development Theory and Bowlby 's Attachment Theory readers are able to learn to correct their children in a reasonable fashion.... [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]
1328 words (3.8 pages)
- Introduction Adolescence is the transition stage after childhood according to theories from researchers (Berk, 2010). Adolescents will encounter a number of distinctive developmental challenges which include coping with rapid changes in their bodies, managing their sexual importance, developing new affiliations, parent-child bonding and forecasting their academic and occupational expectations. Hence, this assignment will explore the physical and emotional developmental stages of human beings according to Erik Erikson’s theory, identification of two developmental issues in the given case study, the writer’s stage of development, and an overview of an article relating to the developmental st... [tags: Child Development ]
1369 words (3.9 pages)
- This paper is going to carry out a literature review on cognitive development in infants. The paper will review cognitive development in infants at different stages. Effects of early experience on mental development in infants will also be discussed. The research question and the hypothesis of the research will also be given. Keywords: infants, development, experience Cognitive Development in Infants Introduction Advancement made in regard to cognitive neuroscience has enabled a better understanding of the cognitive processes in infants.... [tags: Child Development]
1879 words (5.4 pages)