The Kelsey Ossuary Essay

The Kelsey Ossuary Essay

Length: 1591 words (4.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

From about 20 BCE to 70 CE, the Jews in and around Jerusalem practiced a unique set of burial customs, which blended older Jewish customs with traditions from neighboring cultures and from the Greeks, whose earlier conquest had led to the Hellenization of the entire region (Fine p.2). Ossuaries were an integral part of these burial practices, which involved burying the person two separate times. These ossuaries were usually made from the same materials and decorated according to certain motifs. The ossuary stored in the Kelsey Museum is indicative of the form which most of these artifacts took and the style in which they were fashioned.

Introduction

In 586 BCE, King Nebuchadnezzar II of the Neo-Babylonian Empire conquered Jerusalem and destroyed the Temple of Solomon, bringing the First Temple Period to an end. Most of the ruling class of the Kingdom of Judah was sent into exile in Babylonia, destroying the kingdom as a political entity. About fifty years later, the Persian Emperor Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon and took control of Israel/Palestine. He divided the region into several administrative regions, known as pahvot, and appointed local officials to govern them. Many of the exiled Jews returned to their ancestral homeland, though some chose not to, forming the beginnings of the Jewish Diaspora. The Declaration of Cyrus granted the returning deportees permission and funding to rebuild a temple on the site of the previous one. Construction was temporarily halted after rumors began that the temple would lead to a nationalist uprising, but was later resumed under Darius I. The temple was completed in 516 BCE, marking the beginning of the Second Temple Period.
In 332 BCE, Alexander the Great conquered the Persian Empire ...


... middle of paper ...


...written in Hebrew or Greek, since those were the main spoken languages of the region, but were sometimes written in other languages (Rahmani p.13). The reason for this seems to be that the deceased were Jews who, as a result of the Diaspora, lived in other areas of the Near East, but who wished to be buried near Jerusalem because of its religious significance (Rahmani p.13). Once again, the ossuaries from this period demonstrate the unique cultural fusion which was occurring at that time.
The Kelsey Ossuary and its counterparts demonstrate that the Second Temple Period was a time of significant cultural change in the Jewish community. Outside influences, along with internal shifts in belief, manifested themselves in art, literature, and in the burial of the dead. For the short time they were popular, ossuaries offer an unparalleled window into these developments.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

My Sister Kelsey Mango. Kelsey Essay

- I had the pleasure and convenience of interviewing non other than my sister Kelsey Mango. Kelsey has been with Insight Global, a staffing firm, for the last four years following her graduation from James Madison University. Insight Global has 41 different offices throughout the United States and Canada, however Kelsey recently moved to their Boston office from DC in late August. Kelsey was an entry-level recruiter back in 2012 following her graduation, but quickly climbed the ranks to reach the status of an Account Manager, where she has sat for the last 3 years and 3 months....   [tags: Sales, Marketing, Consultative selling, Selling]

Powerful Essays
1634 words (4.7 pages)

How to Completely Disappear by Kelsey Osgood Essay

- Written and narrated by Kelsey Osgood, How to Completely Disappear: On Modern Anorexia tells the story of Osgood and her battle with anorexia nervosa. Anorexia nervosa, which is referred to simply as anorexia, is an eating disorder that is often associated with a skipping meals and an unnaturally thin body shape. A person who suffers with anorexia is often very underweight, but the weight does not solely defy the eating disorder. Anorexia nervosa can be seen in a person who often skips meals and intakes very few calories....   [tags: modern anorexia, weight loss]

Powerful Essays
518 words (1.5 pages)

Training And Development Components : The Culture Of Kelsey Middle School

- Training and Development Components The culture of Kelsey Middle School, and School District, is experiencing a communication crisis as the leadership of their district has changed. The major communication obstacle that Kelsey Middle School will face is that communication within the school district travels through a hierarchy, and with the change in leadership so might the constructs of the flow of communication. This obstacle can be overcome by establishing leaders to disseminate information to and from administration, namely this would be the job of the building principal....   [tags: High school, Leadership, Superintendent]

Powerful Essays
806 words (2.3 pages)

Where Am I Wearing? By Kelsey Timmerman And The Textbook Cultural Anthropology

- When you go to the mall to pick up a pair of jeans or a shirt, do you think about where they came from. How they were made. Who made them. Most consumers are unaware of where their clothes are coming from. All the consumer is responsible for is buying the clothing from the store and most likely have little to no knowledge about how it was manufactured, transported, or even who made the clothing item and the amount of intensive labor that went into producing it (Timmerman, 3). In my paper, I will utilize the book Where Am I Wearing....   [tags: Globalization, Corporation]

Powerful Essays
1537 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on Physician Assisted Suicide Creates a Great Amount of Debate in America

- Currently, physician assisted suicide and euthanasia are only legal in a few states, but for years, many have tried over and over again to get this practice to be legal nationwide. Upon searching the web for news and articles pertaining to this touchy subject, I found a video called Ad Campaign for Physician-Assisted Death. This video by Kelsey Milbourn supports my views and effectively shows the benefits to legalizing physician assisted suicide and euthanasia. Within this video, I was able to pull out the rhetorical situation, which is a diagram that ties together the speaker, speech, audience, occasion, and presuppositions of both the audience and speaker....   [tags: kelsey milbourn, euthanasia, assisted suicide]

Powerful Essays
1044 words (3 pages)

Hard Labor in Bangladesh Essay

- Most people believe hard labor is bad in third world countries, and they are right. The conditions in a sweatshop are not acceptable; the laws do not do anything for the workers, and the workers work long hours for little pay. Many people do not think of where their clothes are made, or who made them. In the book “Where Am I Wearing?” the author Kelsey Timmerman takes the readers on a journey to where his clothes were made. In the book he describes to readers the sweatshops conditions, he mentions a few laws and he talks about a worker named Afria and her lifestyle as a garment worker....   [tags: sweatshop, Kelsey Timmerman, rights, law]

Powerful Essays
1052 words (3 pages)

Kelsen 's Pure Law Theory Essay

- Kelsen’s Pure Law theory attempts to describe law as a hierarchy composed of basic norms called “Grundnorms”. These grundnorms rest upon higher norms in each level of the hierarchy. The lowest level represents a completely general description and the norms become more individual as you climb the hierarchy. For example, Kelsen maintains that a higher grundnorm can determine if another norm is created, such as a bye law gets its validity from another norm being a statute, which will also get its validity from another norm being a constitution, which thereby gives the legislator/congress power to create statutes....   [tags: Law, Administrative law, Sociology, Hans Kelsen]

Powerful Essays
956 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on Biography of Florence Kelley

- ... While in Zurich, Kelley met a Russian Jewish man who would become her husband. Lazare Wischnewetzky was a medical student at the University of Zurich, as well as an outspoken socialist. Consequently, Florence began to delve deeper into the German Social Democratic Party, creating strong connections with Socialist leaders. One person in particular with whom she grew close to was Friedrich Engels, author of The Conditions of the Working Class in England. Kelley kindled a friendship with him that would last until his death in 1895, at one point even translating his renowned work into English, for future generations to relish (Sklar, 2)....   [tags: reform, career, progressive era]

Powerful Essays
1600 words (4.6 pages)

Florence Kelley’s Description of Child Labor and Sweatshops Essay

- In Chicago, around the eighteen-hundreds, there was the desire for cheap labor. Consumer demand for clothes and manufactured products played a big part in this issue. The desire for manufacturers to meet the increasing consumer demand ultimately led to the hiring of children and other individuals. To reduce expenditures, working conditions did not play a major concern in the factory owners’ decisions. These factories were not very safe and sanitation was poor. Oftentimes many of these sweatshop workers were found working many hours a day for a long period of time with very little, if any pay....   [tags: Child Labor]

Powerful Essays
2094 words (6 pages)

Evolution of Robert Kelley’s Followership Theory Essay

- Introduction Order in the society is established and sustained through effective group communication. The most essential being group communication since societies always have a leader-follower dimension within different contexts. Understanding this dimension is key to unlocking cohesive coexistence in societies. Initially, research responded to the need for this understanding by focusing discourses on how people become effective leaders. Confucius, Plato, Lao Zi and Aristotle all discussed the making of a leader....   [tags: literature, leadership, communication]

Powerful Essays
1639 words (4.7 pages)