Karl Marx 's The Communist Manifesto And Sigmund Freud 's Civilization Essay

Karl Marx 's The Communist Manifesto And Sigmund Freud 's Civilization Essay

Length: 1505 words (4.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Thinkers and philosophers have been pondering misery since the dawn of civilization. At the dawn of humanity, humans existed to survive and reproduce; every day was a struggle. However, with the advent of civilization, humanity has moved further and further away from its original evolutionary drives, and it can be argued by secular thinkers that humans exist now to find happiness. Therefore, misery can be seen as the biggest obstacle to human happiness, yet misery itself is a mystery to many. Karl Marx’s The Communist Manifesto and Sigmund Freud’s Civilization and its Discontents put forth the authors’ opinions on the origins of mortal misery, and suggest methods to solve the problem of misery. Although the two have differing views, both see parts of civilization itself as probable causes. While Marx postulates that class struggle and exploitation are the causes of suffering, Freud states that suffering is derived from general experiences with other men.
Although the primary point of the Manifesto is to provide the public with a primer on the basics of communism, Marx begins with an explanation of why communism is necessary. Indeed, Marx’s first statement is “ The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles” (Marx and Engels, 9). In Marx’s opinion, one can look back to any era of civilization and find “ Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild master and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed” standing in opposition; one exploiting the other. Marx argues that these examples contain the same inherent dynamic, and though the groups change through time, the exploitation remains (9). To Marx, the modern class dynamic has been simplified into two large classes in oppositio...


... middle of paper ...


...'t an easy fix for human misery, and suggestions such as communism just serve to direct the problem elsewhere. It seems that Freud lacks a solution and, with World War II on the horizon, concludes with the suggestion that either Eros or Thanatos will need to assert itself, but none can foresee the result.
As one can see, the epidemic of human misery is not one easily solved. Even when a solution is suggested, e.g. communism, the world must first accept it. It seems more likely than not that Freud is right; mortal men can do nothing in the face of their own instincts, and there may not be a plan of action to make the whole world happy. As terrifying as it sounds, it may take something existential to completely eradicate suffering. Technology is only going to ever advance faster, and maybe the answer to a problem of the human condition is, in fact, something not human.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Sigmund Freud 's Theory Of Happiness Essay

- Sigmund Freud believes that the purpose of human life is probably unanswerable, but instead, tries to decide what man’s pursuit of happiness would entail. Most would argue that Freud is wrong and that life does have a purpose, and happiness is included in that purpose. Freud’s definition of happiness would include an individual following a path that avoids pain and pursues pleasure. Freud designated this view as the pleasure principal. This instinct is one that is naturally assembled at birth, or the part of our personality called the Id....   [tags: Marxism, Communism, Karl Marx, Socialism]

Strong Essays
1288 words (3.7 pages)

The Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx Essay

- When colonization created new markets and started to economic expansion between the European nations and their colonies, especially in the Americas, a new wealthy middle class (Bourgeoisie) who focus more on trade, manufacturing, and banking business, integrated into the existing social structure. Actually, bourgeois are the economic base of the aristocracy, which becomes a center point for the work of the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx, a social scientist and revolutionary socialist, and Friedrich Engels, who was the father of Marxist Theory together with Karl Marx....   [tags: Karl Marx, Marxism, Communism, Bourgeoisie]

Strong Essays
1481 words (4.2 pages)

The Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx Essay

- After reading the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx I have a better hold on what it would have been like to have lived there in that time frame. It is amazing for me to think that the worker’s had to read this and comprehend what it was telling them with their limited educations when I had some difficulty reading this myself. I am going to be providing insight to my understanding and beliefs of what the Communist Manifesto is saying. The main idea that vibes off of Marx writing is what people should do in order to make a significant impact on communism to help direct communism to go down the same path Marx wants for it to....   [tags: Marxism, Karl Marx, Socialism, Communism]

Strong Essays
1570 words (4.5 pages)

The Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx Essay

- The second section of The Communist Manifesto is the section in which Karl Marx attempts to offer rebuttals to popular criticisms of his theory of governance. These explanations are based upon the supposition that capitalists cannot make informed observations upon communism as they are unable to look past their capitalist upbringing and that capitalists only seek to exploit others. Though the logic behind these suppositions are flawed, Marx does make some valid points concerning the uprising of the proletariat....   [tags: Marxism, Communism, Socialism, Karl Marx]

Strong Essays
1432 words (4.1 pages)

Karl Marx And The Communist Manifesto Essay

- Inspired by the works of Karl Marx, V.I. Lenin nonetheless drew his ideology from many other great 19th century philosophers. However, Marx’s “Communist Manifesto” was immensely important to the success of Russia under Leninist rule as it started a new era in history. Viewed as taboo in a capitalist society, Karl Marx started a movement that would permanently change the history of the entire world. Also, around this time, the Populist promoted a doctrine of social and economic equality, although weak in its ideology and method, overall....   [tags: Marxism, Socialism, Communism, Karl Marx]

Strong Essays
1347 words (3.8 pages)

The Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx Essay

- In the Communist Manifesto, by Karl Marx, it brings up the pressing issues against the bourgeois and the proletariats. One issue that brought up the cause of a revolution is how the bourgeois benefit more than the proletariat in labour, basically creating a working class. The proletariats want a society that has total and complete equality, no one higher and no one lower. The bourgeois have oppressed the working class to a type of class that is ultimately killing them slowly. The Communist Manifesto calls up a revolution from the ideas it portrays, and the ideology it displays....   [tags: Marxism, Karl Marx, Socialism, Communism]

Strong Essays
752 words (2.1 pages)

Freud And Marx Essay

- Freud and Marx      Freud and Marx it can be argued were both, as individuals, dissatisfied with their societies. Marx more plainly than Freud, but Freud can also be seen as discontent in certain aspects such as his cynical view of human nature. Each were great thinkers and philosophers, but both seemed unhappy. Perhaps the social ills and trouble each perceived in the world about them were only the reflections of what each of the thinkers held within themselves. Each person observes the same world, but each of us interprets that information in a different way....   [tags: Sigmund Freud Karl Marx compare Essays]

Free Essays
1047 words (3 pages)

A Summary of the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx Essay

- A Summary of the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx Karl Marx was an idealist. He observed the cruelties and injustices that the poor working class endured during the period of industrial revolution, and was inspired to write of a society in which no oppression existed for any class of people. Marx believed in a revolution that would end socialism and capitalism, and focus on communist principles. The Manifesto of the Communist Party, written by Karl Marx and edited by Frederick Engels, describes the goals of the communist party for ending exploitation of the working class and creating a society in which there is equality in society without social classes.1 The first part of the Manifesto...   [tags: Communist Manifesto Karl Marx Engels Communism]

Strong Essays
1585 words (4.5 pages)

Summary of Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx Essay

- Summary of Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx Introduction Karl Marx was born in 1818 into a middle-class, German family. During his studies, Marx was heavily influenced by the philosophy of Hegel. He joined a group called the “Young Hegelians.” The group, though “inspired by Hegel, [was] determined to champion the more radical aspects of the old master's system.”[i] Though he was a strong scholar, he got into trouble because of his radical political views.[ii] In 1847, together with fellow German, Freidrich Engels, Marx wrote The Communist Manifesto....   [tags: Karl Marx Communist Manifesto Essays]

Strong Essays
2061 words (5.9 pages)

The Ideas of Karl Marx and The Communist Manifesto Essay

- The Ideas of Karl Marx and The Communist Manifesto It has been shown by many historians, scientists, and psychologists that people are affected by the world around them. This is exactly what caused Karl Marx to write his Communist Manifesto. The living conditions of the working class-his proletariat, as well as that of the bourgeoisie (the upper class) must have had a profound effect on his views and ideals. In France the living conditions spawned from the actions of the current economy and ruling body....   [tags: Karl Marx Socialism Communist Essays]

Strong Essays
1784 words (5.1 pages)