For Marx, the division of labor was contradicted the inherency of human nature. He viewed the division of labor as the exploitation of human production. Marx viewed human nature as being an independent essence of species-being. Man is essentially, a social being and we desire life with our species. In particular, through our ability to produce. Marx explains that it is human production is at the heart of the division of labor. However, production stemmed for personal achievement only. For instance, a grassroots level example, humans must survive in order to live another day. Well in order to achieve survival, the creation of goods must be required to help with everyday living. For example, in basic survival, an individual must be able to create a fire in order to stay warm. One more example would be, an individual must be able to hunt in order to feed themselves. Production is necessary to man’s survival. However, at some point, Marx claims private property was forge...
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... commonality, similarity, and strong collective consciousness. They link individuals and society “without any intermediary” (pg. 232). Essentially, society is collectively formed and all of the members share similar traits or beliefs. It’s very homogenous. Durkheim explains, “Not only do fellow-citizens like one another, seeking one another out in preference to foreigners, but they love their country” (pg. 227). For example, this could be similarly tied to certain places or regions in the United Staes like the South. For instance, there’s a collective image of what people from the Bayou of Louisiana look and act like. Often they are branded with the image of non-reciprocal to change or outside influence. They sort of dress and speak in a similar fashion and have no desire to change that. Durkheim, also explains that this is a more primitive form of social solidarity.
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