Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels Essay

Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels Essay

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Marxism is a school of thought that was developed by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in the 19th century. Capitalism dominated the Western world during this time and Marx was one of its most famous and intelligent critics. Marxism is a combination of economic, social, and political theories that aimed to provide a superior alternative to capitalism. Marx developed his theory to try and fix all the ills that a capitalist society brought but his main goal “may be summed up in the single sentence: abolition of private property” (Marx 14). Marx argued that the path to this could only be achieved through communism. Communism is birthed from socialism and would be achieved in two stages. First, the proletariat would gain control of society and then push the bourgeois out which would allow society to evolve into a classless one without government (Marx 10). Marx was deeply affected by the poverty, recurring economic crises, and the brutalization of masses which accompanied the industrial revolution and sought to prevent it from happening again (Mehta 309). Ironically, Marx’s political and economic ideas have been used as a framework for some of the worst dictatorships and disastrous economies in the 20th century. Millions of people have died under communist rulers like Joseph Stalin, Mao Zedong, and Kim Jong-Un. With the fall of the Soviet Union, communism had become completely discredited and seen as a failure of an ideology (312). Moving into the 21st century, Marxism has been totally eclipsed by capitalism. Despite its attempts to provide a better alternative to capitalism, its disastrous implementation has led to a deep mistrust of communism and Marxism in general (Hall 510). Marxism does not matter in the 21st century because its id...


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...ved on from their past and embraced capitalism as a superior form of economic and governmental structure. Marxism does not matter in the 21st century because capitalism has proven that it is a much more stable and desirable economic and political system. Capitalism is not perfect but it is definitely the lesser of two evils. It has allowed tremendous progress in technology, ethics, and politics while also increasing the standard of living for most people (Muravchik 31). As an ideology on its own, Marxism is too volatile and dangerous as its misinterpretation has caused the deaths of millions. Its existence should solely be to point out the flaws of capitalism and help to alleviate them. Marx however, does leave some very important words for the future: “The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it” (Marx 65).

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