According to Marx and Engels, history was filled with class struggles. In ancient Rome, they had, “…patricians, knights, plebeians, [and] slaves” (14). Then, before industrialization, the social system of feudalism divided society into “…lords, vassals, guild-masters, journeymen, apprentices, serfs” (14) where each class is subordinate from the ones above them. Through the rise of modern industry, these classifications of social categories merged into two classes that Marx and Engels calls: the bourgeois and the proletariat, in which they fill the roles of the oppressor and the oppressed.
In a capitalist society, the bourgeois is the class that owns the means of production and the existence of the bourgeois class relies upon the proletariat as capital. Therefore, it is necessary for the bourgeois to oppress and exploit the proletariat to create a profit and maintain their superior position in society. In order to oppress the proletariat,
The bourgeoisie keeps more and more doing away with the scattered state of the population, of the means of production, and of property. It has agglomerated population, centralized the means of pr...
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Consequently, the proletariat will seize the means of production (whether through violence or not) and abolish private property which connects to exploitation by the bourgeois of everyone else in order to create a system where the proletariat have authority on society, politics and the economy.
So, overall, the relationship between the bourgeois and the proletariat in the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels is that of the creator and the destroyer, not as enemies per se, but the destruction of one, the bourgeois, by the other, the proletariat, is inevitable like death. Through the destruction of the bourgeoisie, only then, the proletariat can seize the means of production and capital which will stop the exploitation of the proletariat. In Marx’s and Engels’s perspectives, the economic system that will follow this revolution will be communism.
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