Karl Marx And Emile Durkheim 's Theory Of Alienation Essay

Karl Marx And Emile Durkheim 's Theory Of Alienation Essay

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Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim are two great men of all time. Their knowledge and views on social issues have influence the development of sociology. This commentary will examine and contrast two theories - Marx’s theory of alienation and Durkheim’s theory of anomie and apply modern social issues to traditional sociological theory.

Marx theory of alienation had embedded in social structure that was due to capitalism. He stated that, before the great transformation, the market was serving the society, people where connecting and communicating through the trading and barter system. Things were made for use and people had enough resources to live on. Conversely, since the global market and global culture emerge it becomes a competition. Not only that, now society is serving the market, thus, “it unleashes the enormous productive power of human beings where all human relationships, structure, profession and family are reorganised along capital lines” (K. Marx 1978, p.38).

Durkheim on the other hand was “interested in historical change and the emergence of capitalism. He believed that market societies are likely to produce anomie because of the disappearance of traditional norms and collective world view that encouraged frugality and satisfaction with few goods and opportunities” (K. Marx 1978, p.78). Hence, he focused on solidarity the cohesion of society moral state, which hold together the individual. He proposed that solidarity could work in two way to suits modern society and solve anomie crisis. With the premodern society everyone in the group function the same way and have the same values and experiences. Everyone in the group does the same stuff, but are boned by commodity while the organic society cannot work on i...


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...rity was what united the community. Although the community was united they did not condone the heinous killing of the two year girl, but they understand Yamaha situation and showed compassion and solidarity (Pagano, A. 2000).

In conclusion, based Marx’s and Durkheim theory of alienation and anomie and applying the concept to modern society. |I would definitely agree with both men concepts in this case. Marx’s concept of alienation derived from an economic change that leads to a competition between children IQs and later personal unrest of good relationship that went sour due to alienation. Durkheim’s concept of anomie, the crime was not necessary. However, Yamada lack of purpose and ideal caused her to commit a murder she was pressured into by her society. Notwithstanding, the neighbours in the community were unity and solidarity was shown to Yamada.













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