Essay on Kantian vs Utilitarian Ethical Parameters

Essay on Kantian vs Utilitarian Ethical Parameters

Length: 999 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The task that stands before me in this paper is to address two situations and determine the ethical parameters in which a person should act. The two philosophical approaches that I will examine the situations with the Kantian and Utilitarian point of view.

Kant deciphers his ethical questions by examining a person's motivation for performing an act regardless of the consequences. A person who utilizes the Kantian view believes that the only pure good is pure human reason without consequences. This pure human reason works without the influence of human emotions and desires. A truly good act as defined by Kant is performed because of an obligation to the categorical imperative. The objectives and personal agendas of the individual performing the act must kept separate and distinct.

Utilitarism makes ethical decisions based on the consequences of the action taken. Unlike the Kantian view the motives are not important just the consequences. The action is measured by how much happiness or sadness the action creates. The ideal ethical decision is the one that creates the most happiness and the least amount of sadness. It is nearly impossible to have different degrees of freedom since a person would have to experience all the various degrees of freedom to determine what degree of happiness is better than the other.

The first situation deals with a thief who stole from the millionaire. In this case, Kant would examine the motives of the thief. The thief is stealing for himself regardless of his situation. Even if his family is poor and struggling. The thief is still furthering himself. The reasons for the thief stealing from the wealthy man doesn't matter. Stealing is against the universal law that it is wrong to steal from a...

... middle of paper ...

... are beneficial. The father dies peacefully and happily, knowing his dying wish will be followed. The girl made her father very happy by promising to follow his wish. The only negative would be the lingering guilt that she might marry somebody outside her religion, but this is only a possibility.

The Utilitarian would agree that telling the father that she will promise not to marry a man outside her religious affiliation. This decision brings the most pleasure on both sides of the issue, and prevents the pain and anguish experienced by her father. This analysis is strong because it suits the utilitarian point of view so well. The daughter is doing something that will bring the greatest amount of happiness to greatest amount of people. The main fault to this argument is that the daughter had to be deceitful to her dying father to bring that happiness to her father.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Philosophical Theories of Utilitarian and Kantian Ethics

- The philosophical theories of Utilitarian and Kantian Ethics propose opposing theories on the moral worth of an action. Early utilitarians’ proposed that human beings seek pleasure and that pleasure is the only intrinsic good and since they seek pleasure, they also made a claim that humans tend to avoid pain. Therefore as humans, we tend to follow through on the actions that maximize pleasure; this theory had been simplified into the idea that actions should bring about “the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number”....   [tags: Philosophy]

Strong Essays
1273 words (3.6 pages)

Essay about Clinical Trials: A Kantian and Utilitarian Point of View

- ... The author believes that difficulties of randomized clinical trials can be minimized by using three procedural safeguards. First, all participants must give their informed consent, second the randomized clinical trial should be legitimate and finally the clinical trial must be designed as a critical test of the therapeutic alternatives. The author believes that biomedical research is the way of better understanding medicine and without randomized clinical trials the field of medicine will have insufficient information....   [tags: Patients, Doctors, Randomized]

Strong Essays
977 words (2.8 pages)

Essay about Kantian Ethics : Kantian Ethic

- Kantian Ethics Kantian ethic is based upon the well-known teaching of the German philosopher, Immanuel Kant. According to Kant, an action has moral worth only if the action is done with the right intentions out of a “sense of duty.” I believe that Kant’s formulation of humanity requires for us human beings to not thread merely as a means to an end. As the saying goes “do unto others as you would have them do unto you. “For Kant, individuals are intelligent beings who has the mental capability to think for themselves and make choices” Despite our choices made, they should be done with a motive right intention, not to appease yourself, or for a reward (MacKinnon)....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant]

Strong Essays
1269 words (3.6 pages)

Essay about Kantian Ethics And Ethical Egoism

- Introduction In Written Assignment #1, I will be talking discussing Situation #1 about Frank Van Den Bleeken. I will be comparing it to Kantian Ethics and Ethical Egoism. Section A Kantian Ethics is described as having two formulations as well as three perfect duties to which according to Kant, allow us to lead ethical lives. The first formulation describes “Act only on that maxim (i.e. personal rule) that you can will as a universal law.” (Wolcott, 2015) According to MacKinnon (2012, p. 78) “(…) whatever I consider doing, it must be something that I can will or accept that all others do....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Suicide, Immanuel Kant]

Strong Essays
1098 words (3.1 pages)

Using Utilitarian Ethicals to Determine Right From Wrong Essay example

- ... It is known that pacemakers have failed before, but it can be assumed that the aforementioned pacemakers did not have this company’s transistor in it or else they most likely would’ve already left the contract. That being said, there is the possibility that the other transistors that were being used were just poorly made (Shanks, 1996). As a result of this, the main Utilitarian issue being presented is does the company end the contract and not take the unnecessary risk associated, or do they continue the contract and potentially save countless lives....   [tags: dilemma, consequences, result]

Strong Essays
1500 words (4.3 pages)

Essay on The Utilitarian Ethical Theory Of Society

- The Utilitarian ethical theory “states that the choice that yields the greatest benefit to the most people is the choice that is ethically correct; therefore, ethics are the standards of behavior by which conduct is judged; hence, standards that are legal may not always be ethical” (Shaw, 2014). The statement “In the land of the free trade, the public does not view all industries as equal” is considered to be true. First, in my opinion it is ethical due to the fact that some of the companies are fairly new in the industry and have to prove to the consumers that their products are worth taking a look at as well as if they will be getting their money’s worth from it once they purchase it....   [tags: Ethics, Business ethics, Philosophy of life, Food]

Strong Essays
700 words (2 pages)

Ethical Framework And Kantian Ethical Theory Essay

- In this essay I will use ethical framework such as Kantian deontology and Kantian ethical theory along with key principles to argue the reason for my decision whilst justifying my decision. As the manager, I will consider using Kant’s ethical principles to decide if I should accept the deal by the Thailand suppliers and if the decision is ethical taking into account the 3 maxims set by Kant. I will be taking the categorical imperative and Kant’s 3 principle formulations into account whilst making my decision....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Ethics, Philosophy]

Strong Essays
1002 words (2.9 pages)

Egoist and Utilitarian Responses to Terrorism Essay

- Terrorism was not a dormant issue in the media until the attacks on the USA. The organised use of violence to target non-combatants for political purposes, is one of the most effective ways to gain media attention. Mainly used by extremist groups in the hopes of gaining recognition for their religious or political cause. Several attacks on the US have recently made headlines The attack on the USS Cole (October 12, 2000), US Embassy bombings in Kenya + Tanzania (August 7, 1998), Oklahoma City bombing (April 19, 1995) , the World Trade Centre bombing on February 27 1993 and finally the World Trade Centre bombing on September 11, 2001....   [tags: Egoist, Utilitarian ]

Free Essays
848 words (2.4 pages)

Essay on Outsourcing: A Utilitarian Approach to An Ethical Issue

- An ethical business problem arises in case of outsourcing. The decision making framework can be used to explore the dilemma and to develop a course of action in order to resolve this problem by using the utilitarian approach and ensuring that the maximum number people are helped or favored by the decision. Utilitarianism has had great popularity in American and Western culture mainly because it focuses on the welfare of the masses than the benefit of an individual. It looks at the benefit to the society in general....   [tags: Business Ethics, Globalization]

Strong Essays
1540 words (4.4 pages)

Ethics : The Utilitarian Standpoint Of Ethical Behavior Essay

- Proper ethical standards can be viewed in a variety of ways. The purpose of this paper is to look at each of the ethics perspectives and to analyze their disadvantages. There are four alternative views of ethics: utilitarian, individualism, moral rights, and justice views (Schermerhorn, J. & Bachrach, D. 2015, p. 53). Nineteenth century thinker, John Stuart Mill, conceived the utilitarian standpoint of ethical behavior. According to this standpoint, “right” ethics are those that provide the greatest balance of good vs evil....   [tags: Justice, Ethics, Distributive justice]

Strong Essays
1103 words (3.2 pages)