To begin with, personhood makes a being valuable and morally considerable. Personhood is defined based on a set of functions and abilities such as being aware of self, the ability to relate and form bonds with other, superiors brain functions and what they can provide to the world. Under this definition not all and only humans are classified. Many humans are classified as non-person under this definition. For example, if a person suffers from a mental condition such as a severe form of autism, that does not allow them to use their superior intelligence, they would be considered non-person. The same goes with physical in capabilities, old age people and even children who are unable to care for themselves. Children don’t have the moral consideration required to make a morally informed decision. Would that classify them as a non-person. Also, under this definition lots of non-human can be classified as person. Researches has shown that animals have similar feelings to human but to a less expanded level. There are many non-humans that care for each other. In the absence of their younger once elephants can die of pain. Like humans’ orangutans’ mother’s stay with their kid...
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...f a being on higher level in the food chain. We cannot stop feeding on animals. But, the theory can be further elaborated such as in the case of utilitarian ethics, it would be wrong to kill and animal and feed on it, if it was living in a low quality life in a confined space. That is morally wrong as the rights of the animal has been violated for the sole purpose of feeding humans. On the other hand, if the animal was raised in a healthy environment, lived a healthy life then killing the animal for feeding is not considered wrong. As the animal has lived its life and served its purpose to the food chain. The idea that an animal does not have a stand for itself is looked down upon. When taking moral decision for non-human, some level of interest should be given to the subject matter itself. It is wrong to take a decision about a being without relating to that being.
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