Kant 's Theory Of Transcendental Idealism Essay

Kant 's Theory Of Transcendental Idealism Essay

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1. Immanuel Kant would have rejected the statement that “scientific explanation gives us knowledge about the world.” Scientific explanation uses observations and measurements to explain something that is seen in the world. However, Kant’s theory of Transcendental Idealism the universe is made intelligible by the human mind imposing itself on the world. In Kant’s theory, the human mind uses causation to make sense of the chaos, thus people see objects, hear a phone ring, and experience texture. Furthermore, Kant developed a third category of knowledge known as synthetic a priori, or Metaphysics. Synthetic means that it gives knowledge of the surrounding world while a priori means it is independent of experience. As scientific explanation is derived from experiences and observations it would not be a priori and therefore not follow Kant’s theory. A baby is born into a world of chaos, so it screams and cries. The mind begins to impose itself and make sense of the universe. Thus, the child stops crying. However, if knowledge of the world was obtained through scientific explanation rather than causation, then the child would continue to cry. For these reasons, Kant would have rejected such a statement.
2. Baron d’Holbach had three main points to his argument: 1) Nature operates in accordance to immutable laws. 2) Humans are born into circumstances that are not chosen. 3) It doesn’t make sense to speak of humans with a free will. Humans seem to act upon impulse and motive, but, according to d’Holbach, we do not choose our motivation. When faced with a choice, we always choose the stronger volition, therefore we cannot be said to have freedom. Furthermore, the statement “the free agency of man is a chimera that must be destroyed by exper...


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...e separated. The mind and the body are both perceived clearly and distinctly apart from each other. It would not make sense for God would cause either to exist independent of the other, thus both must exist separate of the other. Descartes believed in the saying “Cogito ego sum,” or I think, therefore I am. Thought becomes our essence because it is impossible to think of oneself without thought without thinking. Sartre believed the opposite of Descartes; that we have no essence. Sartre argued that humans are radically free and morally responsible for our own actions. Life has no meaning, no significance apart from what we give it. We are born into circumstances we do not choose, but with freedom we make the best of it. Sartre believed that only objects have an essence, a purpose, and are therefore not free. Humans are not objects and therefore do not have an essence.

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