Kant 's Theory Of Ethics Essay

Kant 's Theory Of Ethics Essay

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Kant & Nietzsche
Jeffrey Wegrzyn

Introduction to Philosophy
Immanuel Kant’s theory of ethics is rooted in deontology. Describing Kant’s ethics as deontological means that they are derivative of mankind’s moral duty. For Kant, this critical component of ethics is an extension of Hume’s fork as it creates a third category, which is synthetic Apriori. This category is comprised of math, ethics and causality. His rules-based ethics revolves around the good will, as deontology in its nature revolves around adhering to the rules. Kant says that intelligence is great by nature, but means very little unless you apply them in virtuous and good will. In order for something to be truly good, it must be intrinsically good and without qualification. An extension of this idea is that we should be acting in virtuous and good will, simply for the sake of doing so. Kant would say that something isn’t good because of its outcome or even the effect of which that good presents, but rather that it is in itself considered to be good. In fact, it is not important that it might provide an undesirable outcome, let alone any outcome at all, for it to be deemed good and for it to remain good.
Within Kant’s ethics, we have maxims, which are temporary moral laws. By legislating, or offering, a maxim we are offering our actions as a moral law of our own. If this maxim is considered to be wholly good and accepted, it will be considered to be a universal. In the same way that something considered good is to be good regardless of outcome, a maxim will be considered universal within the same constraints, in complete objectivity. In doing good deeds, Kant says that it is irrelevant whether or not we enjoy doing those deeds, but rather, it is the deed ...


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...e will to power. What makes nature, nature, and what makes us who we are is based on the will to power; an innate power.
Between Kant and Nietzsche’s system of ethics, I would have to agree more with Nietzsche. At the core of his ethics, there is individuality and I have always found that the only way to have an identity is to make your own values. While you may share similar values with someone else, or may even desire to share those values, it is not through that person or any deontological system that you can truly find an all-encompassing guide of values. I have found that to be completely true in my life. I thoroughly believe that it is pertinent that we not rely on someone else to understand our own set of values. The only true context for values and morality is in our own lives, because those same values will be represented very differently in each person.

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