Immanuel Kant was a philosopher born on April 22, 1724, in Konigsberg, East Prussia. Kant devoted his life into writing, reading and teaching. During his time, Kant began his philosophical journey being a believer of rationalism, which is the study of anything based of reasoning or knowledge justifying an idea. He studied this for years but figured a different view was better. That view was the view through metaphysics. Metaphysics is the base of all philosophy which analyzes abstract concepts of life such as time and space. With this, Kant discovered the theory of universalizability, which is the general moral principle that allows us to judge whether a maxim is moral or not. A maxim, in short, is the results of an action in addition with the purpose to that original action. Kant made another theory known as the principle for respect for persons, which states that you should treat people with the most respect as if they are worth everything to you.
Before Kant’s time, a famous philosopher by the name of Aristotle came up with a theory. In Aristotle’s mind, he believed that a common way of judging someone else’s morality is by evaluating the consequences of that person’s actions. This is known as the consequentialist ethical theory. Although his theory may have seemed like an accurate statement, Kant thought differently and believed that the consequentialist ethical theory made no sense. He believed that whether or not someone is good or bad is not based on their consequences. “Kant argues, that what gives a particular action moral worth is not the kind of action it is, nor the consequences of the action is performed by the psychological maxim motivating that action.” (Bailey, p.54). He states that no matter what action you do, ...
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...osite force to oppose it. An example would be life and death. Wherever there is life, there is always death to oppose it. Kant’s theory of how good must have bad and bad must have good is exactly like what yin and yang is so there is no doubt in why I agree with Kant’s claim. Apart from whether I think his claim is plausible or not, I truly believe that Kant’s theory on morality is the most accurate. I don’t think that a person’s morality is based on the consequences of their actions. Consequences are uncontrollable because everyone’s minds are different. What truly proves a person’s morality is the actions and choices they choose and what intention they have towards it. A person’s will to do good or do bad is what makes a person good or bad. This being said, I believe that Kant’s thoughts is the basis of modern philosophy and is what people still believe in today.
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- Immanuel Kant was a philosopher born on April 22, 1724, in Konigsberg, East Prussia. Kant devoted his life into writing, reading and teaching. During his time, Kant began his philosophical journey being a believer of rationalism, which is the study of anything based of reasoning or knowledge justifying an idea. He studied this for years but figured a different view was better. That view was the view through metaphysics. Metaphysics is the base of all philosophy which analyzes abstract concepts of life such as time and space.... [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Philosophy]
1476 words (4.2 pages)
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1433 words (4.1 pages)
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