Kant 's Grounding For The Metaphysics Of Morals Essay

Kant 's Grounding For The Metaphysics Of Morals Essay

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Analysis on Immanuel Kant’s Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals
In Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant argues that human beings inherently have capability to make purely rational decisions that are not based on inclinations and such rational decisions prevent people from interfering with freedom of another. Kant’s view of inherent ability to reason brings different perspective to ways which human beings can pursue morality thus it requires a close analytical examination.
Kant believes the morality of our action doesn’t depend on the consequences because consequences are beyond our control. According to him, what determines the morality of action is the motivation behind the action and that is called will. Kant states that there is anything “which can be regarded as good without qualification, except a good will” (7). He suggests other traits such as courage, intelligence, and fortunes and possessions such as fortune, health, and power are not good in themselves because such traits and possessions can be used to accomplish bad things if the actions are not done out of goodwill. Thus, the good motivation is the only good that is good in itself. It is the greatest good that we can have. Then, the question that arises is how do we produce good will? Kant claims that our pure reason which is free from any selfish inclinations is what produces good will. It is what determines the extent of our good will.
According to Kant, inclinations are desires and they are based on feelings. He suggests that our most fundamental inclination is self -preservation. In other words, all human beings have the desire to save themselves from experiencing any discomfort such as danger, pain, and death. Kant believes that our inclina...


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...consideration of possible consequences are both important when determining the morality of actions. I found Kant’s points in regard of traits and possession which emphasizes the fact that they all except for goodwill can be used to achieve bad and hurtful ends to be especially convincing. His point made me think of goodwill as a foundation to a building. If we say that rest of the parts of the building are for instance traits and possessions such as courage, happiness, and wealth, then these parts can collapse if the foundation of the building is not good. If the building collapses, you can always rebuild the foundation and other parts by carefully measuring, calculating, and coming up with the right architectural design of the foundation that would not collapse easily. But I am not fully convinced that everyone has the inherent capability to build a good foundation.

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