Analysis on Immanuel Kant’s Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals
In Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant argues that human beings inherently have capability to make purely rational decisions that are not based on inclinations and such rational decisions prevent people from interfering with freedom of another. Kant’s view of inherent ability to reason brings different perspective to ways which human beings can pursue morality thus it requires a close analytical examination.
Kant believes the morality of our action doesn’t depend on the consequences because consequences are beyond our control. According to him, what determines the morality of action is the motivation behind the action and that is called will. Kant states that there is anything “which can be regarded as good without qualification, except a good will” (7). He suggests other traits such as courage, intelligence, and fortunes and possessions such as fortune, health, and power are not good in themselves because such traits and possessions can be used to accomplish bad things if the actions are not done out of goodwill. Thus, the good motivation is the only good that is good in itself. It is the greatest good that we can have. Then, the question that arises is how do we produce good will? Kant claims that our pure reason which is free from any selfish inclinations is what produces good will. It is what determines the extent of our good will.
According to Kant, inclinations are desires and they are based on feelings. He suggests that our most fundamental inclination is self -preservation. In other words, all human beings have the desire to save themselves from experiencing any discomfort such as danger, pain, and death. Kant believes that our inclina...
... middle of paper ...
...consideration of possible consequences are both important when determining the morality of actions. I found Kant’s points in regard of traits and possession which emphasizes the fact that they all except for goodwill can be used to achieve bad and hurtful ends to be especially convincing. His point made me think of goodwill as a foundation to a building. If we say that rest of the parts of the building are for instance traits and possessions such as courage, happiness, and wealth, then these parts can collapse if the foundation of the building is not good. If the building collapses, you can always rebuild the foundation and other parts by carefully measuring, calculating, and coming up with the right architectural design of the foundation that would not collapse easily. But I am not fully convinced that everyone has the inherent capability to build a good foundation.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Analysis on Immanuel Kant’s Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals In Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant argues that human beings inherently have capability to make purely rational decisions that are not based on inclinations and such rational decisions prevent people from interfering with freedom of another. Kant’s view of inherent ability to reason brings different perspective to ways which human beings can pursue morality thus it requires a close analytical examination. Kant believes the morality of our action doesn’t depend on the consequences because consequences are beyond our control.... [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Morality]
1400 words (4 pages)
- Immanuel Kant’s work on Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals explores the understanding of morels, and the process of which these morals are developed through philosophy. He also disentangled the usefulness and foundation of the instituted of religion. Kant starts by explaining the three divisions of philosophy which are: physics, ethics, and logic. He clarifies that physics and ethics are a posteriori while logic is, a priori, but there is a third variable that interacts both which is also the foundation of morals.... [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Morality, Ethics]
788 words (2.3 pages)
- Immanuel Kant’s Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals is one of his earliest works and is one of the most influential in the field of moral philosophy. In this work, Kant sets the stage and establishes the ground for future investigation by explaining setting and explaining the core concepts of the “supreme principle of morality” (Kant 1993)1. He presents his work in three sections, but only the first two will be focused on. Although it is not definitive, Kant attempts to work from ordinary moral knowledge to a supreme principle, and then attempts to test that principle in the second and third sections of the work.... [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Philosophy, Ethics]
1042 words (3 pages)
- In Grounding of the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant discusses humans as rational beings as they relate to morality in one’s decision making. He proposes that people follow the categorical imperative, a principle that says: “Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law” (Kant 30). Kant believes that humans, since they have reason, are able to exercise ethics in every action and towards any person. In doing so, they demonstrate their “intrinsic worth, i.e., dignity” (40).... [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics, Human]
822 words (2.3 pages)
- In Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant first introduces his concept of the categorical imperative (CI) as an unconditional moral law. In this paper I will argue that Kant’s categorical imperative succeeds in proving that lying and murder are immoral. First, I will explain moral law and the categorical imperative, and then I will outline Kant’s Formula of Universal Law. Finally, I will evaluate two maxims to determine if the violate the categorical imperative. First, I will address what Kant means by moral law when referring to the categorical imperative.... [tags: contradiction, universal, law]
1184 words (3.4 pages)
- ... Categorical imperatives, however, are ends in of itself. He says that actions are only good if they are carried out "just because," which would be a categorical imperative. However, he argues that actions are usually not assumed for the sake of duty alone but because of some self-interest, which forces them to act out that action where they wouldn't have otherwise. This is evident when Kant states that "in fact, there is absolutely no possibility by means of experience to make out with complete certainty a single case in which the maxim of an action that may in other respects conform with duty has rested solely on moral grounds" (Kant, 19).... [tags: philosophy, actions, moral values]
1151 words (3.3 pages)
- In Immanuel Kant’s Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, he discusses his fundamental principle of morality. This is also known as his “categorical imperative”. His principle of morality basically states that all actions are moral and “good” if they are performed as a duty. Such an idea is exemplified when he says, “I should never act except in such a way that I can also will that my maxim should become a universal law” (Kant 14). Kant also seeks to apply his principal to suicide, as well has helping others in distress.... [tags: philosophy, categorical imperative]
674 words (1.9 pages)
- Through his discussion of morals in the Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant explores the question of whether a human being is capable of acting solely out of pure duty and if our actions hold true moral value. In passage 407, page 19, Kant proposes that if one were to look at past experiences, one cannot be certain that his or her rationalization for performing an action that conforms with duty could rest solely on moral grounds. In order to fully explain the core principle of moral theory, Kant distinguishes between key notions such as a priori and a posteriori, and hypothetical imperative vs.... [tags: Emanuel Kant, philosophy]
1153 words (3.3 pages)
- In this paper, I will critique Kantian ethic’s failure to defend beings disputably labeled “irrational.” The concept of a rational being is a common motif throughout Immanuel Kant’s “Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals.” These beings comprise the foundation of his entire argument. Therefore, for the purpose of this essay, it is crucial to further examine what is meant by “rational.” Kant offers three essential requirements that separate rational beings from their irrational counterparts; the ability to reason, a moral will, and autonomy (53, 49, 41.) Rational beings are those included in his ideal “kingdom of ends” (39.) He defines this kingdom as “a systematic union of rational beings t... [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative, Ethics]
1180 words (3.4 pages)
- Immanuel Kant is steadfast in his belief that before anyone can do anything absolutely moral, they must reason what would occur if every person on Earth did this exact thing, or as he puts it, “Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law” (Kant, Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, 30). This philosophy seems sound, but is actually inherently flawed, as when it comes into conflict with his opinions on lying, it makes both points to be somewhat impossible to live by.... [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Morality, Ethics]
1044 words (3 pages)