Kant’s deontological moral theory is a non-consequentialist theory that is well-known for his view of human beings as having the unique capacity for rationality. Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher that studied and wrote on philosophy, science, geography, beauty, war, and peace. He believed that every theory of ethics must recognize our autonomy, which is freedom to lead a self-directed life. Kant claimed that humans were inherently valuable for who they are and not for what value they can be for others. Deontological which means theory of duty was influenced by the Ancient Stoics, who stated that rather than stress over things we can’t control the key to morality and happiness is internal and a matter of our will and true intentions and we shouldn’t be accountable for things beyond our control. It is not a theory that focuses on the consequences of an action, but only did...
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...to benefit from it. And with us doing that we do it because we feel like it’s our duty whether it’s helping a friend, family member, our children, or even a stranger.
As you can see Deontology, Utilitarianism, and Ethical Egoism hold a lot of differences among each other, but what really stands out among the three is utilitarianism and ethical egoism uses people as a mean for an overall good outcome and deontology doesn’t. Overall, I believe that no one should be used in any way or to pursue someone else’s happiness. Nor should we live our lives focusing on the consequences of everything we do. All that matters is we all are getting treated with respect. And are we doing everything with good inclination, no matter what the situation or the outcome could be. And with that being said, those types of action falls under the deontology theory which allows us to do both.
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