Kant 's Deontological Theory And Ethical Egoism Essay

Kant 's Deontological Theory And Ethical Egoism Essay

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Defending Deontological/Kant
Growing up we are put in situations where we learn what is the moral thing to do and non moral just by our upbringing like religion, culture, and or race. This is called Ethics which is one of the major branch of philosophy that systematize, defend, and recommend concepts of right and wrong conduct. With that being said there are different kind of ethical approaches different philosophers discovered/ believed in which lay in the structure of consequentialist (the consequence of an action), Deontological ( duty, obligation, motivation, intention), and teleological ( striving to be a certain kind of person or fulfilling a kind of purpose ). In this paper I’m going to be defending Kant’s deontological theory which is a non-consequentialist moral theory by comparing it to utilitarianism (consequentialist) and Ethical egoism (consequentialist).
Kant’s deontological moral theory is a non-consequentialist theory that is well known on his view of human being as having the unique capacity for rationality. Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher that studied and wrote on philosophy, science, geography, beauty, war, and peace. He believed that every theory of ethics must recognized our autonomy which is freedom to lead a self-directed life. Kant claimed that humans were inherently valuable for who they are and not for what value they can be for others. Deontological which means theory of duty was influenced by the Ancient stoics who stated that rather than stress over things we can’t control the key to morality and happiness is internal and a matter of our will and true intentions and we shouldn’t be accountable for things beyond our control. It is not a theory that focuses on the consequences of an action bu...


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...ying to benefit from it. And with us doing that we do it because we feel like it’s our duty weather its helping a friend, family member, our children, or even a stranger.
As you can see Deontology, Utilitarianism, and Ethical Egoism hold a lot of differences among each other but what really stands out among the three is utilitarianism and ethical egoism uses people as a mean for an overall good outcome and deontology doesn’t. Overall I believe that no one should be used in any way or to pursue someone else’s happiness. Nor should we live our lives focusing on the consequences of everything we do. All that matters is are we all getting treated with respect. And are we doing everything with good intentions no matter what the situation or the outcome could be. And with that being said those type of action falls under the deontology theory which allows us to do both.


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Kant 's Deontological Theory And Ethical Egoism Essay

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