Kant 's Categorical Imperative Of Moral Obligation Essay examples

Kant 's Categorical Imperative Of Moral Obligation Essay examples

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Emmanuel Kant (hereinafter “Kant”) believes that Ethics is categorical and states that our moral duties are not dependent on feelings but on reason (Pojman and Vaughn 239). According to Kant, there is one good thing that comes without qualification – a good will. Any other act done as only being good with qualification, and only a good will is worthy of happiness. A good will is done because it is one’s duty, not someone just doing a duty. The expected consequences of an act of good will are morally neutral, and therefore irrelevant to moral discussion. The only objective basis for moral value would be the rationality of the good will, expressed in recognition of moral duty. Kant believes that our moral duties are unconditional, universally valid, and necessary, regardless of the possible consequences or opposition to our inclinations (Pojman and Vaughn 239).
Kant writes about two formulations of his categorical imperative, the first being Universal law. The formulation of Universal Law is the basis of Categorical Imperative. It states that “Act only on that maxim [principal rule of conduct] whereby you can at the same time will that it would become a universal law” (Pojman and Vaughn 239). Universal law suggests that the maxim is an objective and universal principle. The maxim has become the universal law through the judgments of will, and people need to act and obey on the objective maxim in moral life. If people don’t follow the Universal Law, then the maxim is only an individual principle, and people should not apply their individual maxims into the moral life. An example of Universal Law is suicide. Universal Law states that suicide will break the universal law of nature and people should refrain from committing ...


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...duties, and change the theory that the moral value of an act does not have to be done because it is one 's duty.
How would Kant respond to the Golden Rule? Kant would say that people need to have reason for an act they commit and should be able to justify it. His theory is that you cannot make a decision based on your personal feelings or rationalize a situation because that is how you would do it so therefore that is how it should be done. Kant would go on to say that a person should not feel obligated to return an act of kindness to someone, and that people should avoid showing goodwill to others so that the other people will not show goodwill in return. There are so many people around us that follow Kant’s thinking process. It’s hard to not want to agree with him, but on the other hand it’s hard to agree with him. I think that everyone does a little of both.

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