On the other hand, John Stuart Mill a British philosopher (1806-1873). Like Kant, he also had a strong contribution to the development of philosophical views. These philosophical views have continued to influence different aspects in different disciplines such as politics, economy and sociology. His famous theory is none other than the utilitarianism theory which explains morality. Mill argued that the usefulness of an action is determined by its utility. Mill suggested that our emotions and desires form a great basis and based on these we should judge our morals. For example - if telling lies to another person will ensure that the desire to live in harmony with othe...
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...e lives for the here and now and Kant is more realistic in that he stretches the here and now into the future to see what worth there is in doing what we do.
In my opinion the most convincing philosopher is Immanuel Kant. I say this because, while describing the basis for morality he states that morals should be universalized. This in my opinion forms a very good basis for our judgment of knowing what is wrong and what is right. If we completely subject our actions to our emotions the how can we judge whether committing a crime is morally right or wrong. If this was the only basis on which we judged wrong doers, then I think everyone would be free to do whatever wrong they want to. There are no legal punishments for having emotions, all we get are non-legal sanctions like isolation for harboring feelings such as jealousy or anger, but they are not punishable by law.
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