Kant And Kant 's Categorical Imperative Essay

Kant And Kant 's Categorical Imperative Essay

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Immanuel Kant was a famous German philosopher (1724-1804). His many philosophical writings influenced large population from all over the world. Even today, his works still form a major point of reference in research carried out in the modern world. His writings had a strong base such that they brought a new dimension in religion, law and history. Although all his writings were popular but Metaphysics of Morals was very influencing. Kant argued that our desires and emotions are categorically imperative, which means that they are conscience driven. His philosophy is closely related to the golden rule. It which states that an individual should always act in accordance to the outcome that will give him/her the best outcome, while Kant’s categorical imperative rule argues that actions must be universal for them to be classified as either moral or immoral. Through Kant’s categorical imperative we can distinguish between our right & wrong actions. Kant further stresses that it is not only a tool to test our actions but it is also an unconditional directive for our behavior.
On the other hand, John Stuart Mill a British philosopher (1806-1873). Like Kant, he also had a strong contribution to the development of philosophical views. These philosophical views have continued to influence different aspects in different disciplines such as politics, economy and sociology. His famous theory is none other than the utilitarianism theory which explains morality. Mill argued that the usefulness of an action is determined by its utility. Mill suggested that our emotions and desires form a great basis and based on these we should judge our morals. For example - if telling lies to another person will ensure that the desire to live in harmony with othe...


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...e lives for the here and now and Kant is more realistic in that he stretches the here and now into the future to see what worth there is in doing what we do.
In my opinion the most convincing philosopher is Immanuel Kant. I say this because, while describing the basis for morality he states that morals should be universalized. This in my opinion forms a very good basis for our judgment of knowing what is wrong and what is right. If we completely subject our actions to our emotions the how can we judge whether committing a crime is morally right or wrong. If this was the only basis on which we judged wrong doers, then I think everyone would be free to do whatever wrong they want to. There are no legal punishments for having emotions, all we get are non-legal sanctions like isolation for harboring feelings such as jealousy or anger, but they are not punishable by law.

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