There are three philanthropist cases that can be critiqued according to Kant and Aristotle. The first case involves a happy philanthropist who donates money to a cause and spreads joy around her. From doing these actions, she is receiving publicity and an increased social reputation, which is leading to her happiness. The second case is about a dutiful, yet cold philanthropist who has no sympathy in her heart. She doesn’t care about the people around her but gives to them anyway and does not receive pleasure or happiness from these actions. The third case involves a happy, dutiful philanthropist. He donates to others because he feels it is the right thing to do, and receives pleasure from it. He does not receive publicity or social reputation but finds happiness in purely helping others.
Kant’s teachings focus on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves, and he believes that happiness can inspire pride. This may be connected with riches and power, both of which are not related to having a good will. Kant believes that those who have a good will are worthy of happiness, but happiness is not guaranteed. These Kantian views of how inclination is irrelevant to desire can be applied to the three cases. For the first case, Kant says that the happy philanthropist shows no moral worth. This is because the philanthropist is only donating for their social reputation and inclination instead of because they b...
... middle of paper ...
...on is helping others and spreading joy, it doesn’t matter whether they are striving for social reputation or happiness. Their motives should not play a role in whether they are considered virtuous or not. For example, a man may decide to volunteer at a soup kitchen only because he wants his friends to think highly of him. I think that this is morally virtuous because even though his only motive was to gain publicity and social reputation, in the end he was helping to provide food for needy people. Since he was helping others, it’s irrelevant how he felt while doing it. This is similar to Kant’s view on the dutiful, yet cold philanthropist because it doesn’t matter whether happiness is achieved or not, it is only important that an action was done that can benefit others in the community. Therefore, I agree with Kant’s view that this philanthropist is morally virtuous.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Assignment Week One Ernestine Brodie Walden University The theories of Aristotle, Kant, and Mill have influenced how we view morality. Each philosopher has their own vision as to how their theory of morality influences one’s culture and behaviors. The philosophers sought to explain the difference of what is right and wrong in terms of morality. Aristotle characterized his theory as virtue ethics, or what virtues make a good person. According to Kraut (2014) Aristotle felt that we must go beyond learning general rules and practice deliberative, emotional, and social skills that allow us to use our understanding of well-being, and practice in ways that are appropriat... [tags: Ethics, Morality, Philosophy, Immanuel Kant]
1077 words (3.1 pages)
- In order to become a well rounded individual you must be aware of the moral problems in society and be able to evaluate them. Respectively, this class has allowed me to do so, through readings and videos, providing my own insight on many moral issues. This class has shown me there are many different interpretations to right and wrong, and hard evidence must be agued to be persuasive. Throughout the course of this class we looked into multiple philosophers such as Kant, Aristotle, and Sandel, a professor at Harvard.... [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Virtue]
962 words (2.7 pages)
- Moral character is what dictates an individual 's decision making and affects their experiences throughout their life. A person 's morals can be based off one 's upbringing and environmental factors. Virtue ethics is a philosophical view that greatly supports this claim that the choices a person makes and their actions follow those choices, and display their moral character. This is more likely to be true than Kantianism, because this type of ethical view is based off Immanuel Kant, a philosophical thinker whose emphasizes that his writings and beliefs influence the choices people make.... [tags: Ethics, Morality, Immanuel Kant, Virtue ethics]
1438 words (4.1 pages)
- What is "good" depends solely on the one judging. For someone to be labeled good they must maintain their judge’s approval in every task, quite difficult I would think. The character Stevens from The Remains of the Day remained a good human being to his employers in every task, so it appeared in the book. I want to explore in this essay if indeed Stevens remained a good human being by use of philosophers Aristotle, Kant, and Royce ethical works. I personally believe Stevens is a good human being my reasons compile to his honor to his work and the respect given to others.... [tags: Ethics, Morality, Human, Virtue]
795 words (2.3 pages)
- Emotion is a part of what makes us human, so much so that often if someone lacks emotion they are considered non-human; like Frankenstein. In some cases this human characteristic on its own isn’t thought to mix well with moral judgement. With many views supporting this statement, is there still room in the moral code for both reason and emotion. An analysis of the role that the specific emotion empathy has in moral judgment helps explain this matter in Aristotle and Kant’s view; I prefer Aristotle’s prospective.... [tags: Morality, Ethics, Emotion, Jean Piaget]
1797 words (5.1 pages)
- Aquinas and Aristotle were both ancient/medieval thinkers. They both agree that human beings have a function and they believed that virtue is necessary to fulfill this function. They presented the idea that certain actions by human beings are intrinsically wrong and that we can know that they are by intellectual apprehension and reason. Even though they agreed on a few things, they had different views. Aristotle was a student of Plato and eventually became one of the most influential philosophers of all time.... [tags: Virtue, Ethics, Prudence, Morality]
1412 words (4 pages)
- 1. Socrates claims to be a gadfly, which is a pretty unflattering image. Why does Socrates describe his role in Athens this way. How might it make sense in light of Socrates’ claim that the unexamined life is not worth living. Socrates describes his role in Athens as being a gadfly, an individual who challenges the status quo through posing novel questions. The prevailing situation in Athens then was people being involved in public affairs and politics, but Socrates decides to challenge this state of affairs by remaining largely aloof from the political arena and public affair.... [tags: Ethics, Philosophy, Morality, Virtue]
1798 words (5.1 pages)
- Many believe the two are interchangeable when speaking about morals and ethics, when the two in no way mean the same thing. Morals are subjective beliefs that belong to an individual, they are one’s own beliefs as to what is right and what is wrong. Ethics on the other hand are the rules that society creates and teaches regarding proper and improper, right and wrong, social behavior. Morals are internal, ethics are external, and they have been the unwritten rules of society as old as mankind, which govern proper social conduct based on the greater good of the popular belief.... [tags: morals, kant, gratification, society]
1259 words (3.6 pages)
- Overview of the ideas of Mill and Kant as they relate to ethics Many experts will argue that torture is an unreliable means of getting useful information. Two examples of differing views of the use of torture come from Mill and Kant. Each of these philosophers have strong opinions and stances of the moral and ethical use of torture. Mill would say that Pain is bad, pleasure is good so with everything being equal, though people have many different and conflicting moral beliefs, people agree that pain is bad, and pleasure is good.... [tags: Ethics, Morality, Acts of the Apostles, Terrorism]
1008 words (2.9 pages)
- Philosophical analysis of Aristotle Many theorists consider Aristotle to be the first person to use the term “ethics” in naming the field of study that had already been subject to develop by his predecessors Socrates and Plato. Philosophical ethics attempts in offering the rational response to the questions regarding how the human beings live. Aristotle used to be regarding politics and ethics as two related but very separate field of study because ethics examines the good concerning an individual, while politics is about examining the good of the city-state.... [tags: socrates, plato, greek]
875 words (2.5 pages)