Nearly equally as significant in Kafka’s Metamorphosis is the theme of alienation which is spread throughout and even before the novella. There are similar ties between the two themes because certain events explain both of Kafka’s messages of extremism and self-sacrifice. Because Gregor is working to appease his father’s debt, he is trapped in a sphere from which he cannot escape the boundaries that it sets. He is a prisoner: he cannot form relationships or any sort of romantic endeavor. Furthermore, he says “[o]nce I’ve got together the money to pay off the parents’ debt to him— that should take another five or six years—I’ll do it for sure” (Kafka 5). He plans to dehumanize himself five or six years into the future for the sake of his parents. Therefore, Gregor does truly turn into the physical object which he mentally already was: an insect. “[H]e still has human sensibility, human feelings, human senses, but they are invisible to all. This is precisely what makes Gregor’s condition so pathetic, and his isolation so total” (Mendoza). Gregor tries speak to the manager, however the boss remarks to his parents that “[t]hat was an animal’s voice” (Kafka 20). Gregor’s voice is imperceptible, however he can hear others. Consequently, Gregor cannot express to others...
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...ritical thoughts he thinks about his father...but he quickly dismisses the thought by saying that no doubt his father knew best”(“Metamorphosis”). This is important to note because Gregor is once again submitting to authority. Even though Gregor longs for appreciation, he sacrifices his own wishes because he feels inferior to his father and he hopes to please him. Gregor submitting to the superiority of his father is a dominant reason why Gregor is so isolated from society. He works for the appreciation and love of his parents. Not only does Mr. Samsa show no appreciation for Gregor’s devotion to his work, but he also ensures that Gregor should stay in his isolated place as vermin. After the situation with Gregor’s boss coming to his house, Mr. Samsa, out of rage, “gave him one really strong liberating push from behind” after he gets stuck in the doorway (Kafka 32)..
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