Juvenile Offenders And The United States Essay

Juvenile Offenders And The United States Essay

Length: 1027 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Juvenile Courts in the United States
When the Juvenile Justice System was created, it was geared towards treating poverty stricken juvenile offenders as adults while allowing the wealthier offenders to essentially go free. Decades later, a reform movement saw a need to delineate juvenile offender from adults through their own court system. A shift in how these offenders were treated throughout the juvenile system process began to take shape. There was a push to reduce the risk of a youth offender becoming an adult offender. This push is far different from how the initial juvenile offenders were treated.
In the Beginning
Over 100 years ago, the juvenile court system was created. With the growth in juvenile offenders there was a need for a specialized court system to deal with the specific needs of adolescent offenders. The Progressive movement of the 1890’s began to advocate for political, social, and economic reform. They had concerns for children being affected by economic despair, social disorder, and excesses of industrialization (Neubauer & Fradella, 2011). There was a clouded shadow of self-interest when it came to the Progressives’ concern for the adversity urban inhabitants. The Progressive’s thinking led to the juvenile court movement which reflected social classes. The poor were processed through the court system while the wealthier were handled in an informal fashion.
Children under seven years old were classified as being incapable of criminal intent given their lack of maturity making them exempt from prosecution. Back then children over the age of eight years old were considered adults in the eyes of the law ((Neubauer & Fradella, 2011). When a crime was committed by a child over the age of eight, t...


... middle of paper ...


...quently on the news, you will hear they are not showing the suspects face because he/she is a juvenile which leads me to secret proceedings. Unlike with adult court cases, juvenile cases are not typically open to the public and it is illegal to share the juvenile offender’s personal information. In the recent years, some states have begun opening delinquency hearing in certain cases to the public (Neubauer & Fradella, 2011).
Conclusion
Since the inception of the Juvenile Justice System, there have been many changes. Most of these changes have been geared towards helping prevent future criminal actions by the juvenile offender. The goals of juvenile courts is to stop a youth from becoming an adult offender by making sure they have the necessary tools to turn their life around before they reach 18 years of age and enter the adult court system.







Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Youth Offenders in The United States Essays

- Youth offenders in the United States who commit an adult crime should they be tried as an adult or sent off to rehab. According to (Juvenile Offender) young people today are more malleable and can be easily influenced. It is mainly believed that the criminal actions by young offenders might be influenced by such external forces such as parental neglect, and inappropriate living conditions or with relations within their family. It is important to note that instead of seeing a rehab program as a form of punishment....   [tags: rehabilitation, juvenile offender]

Better Essays
1102 words (3.1 pages)

Juvenile Offenders And Juvenile Crime Essay

- Introduction During the last two decades, juvenile arrests for violent crimes reached an all-time high. In response, many states have amended their existing juvenile waiver laws or added mechanisms which allow for easier removal of certain youthful offenders from juvenile court jurisdiction. One such addition is a direct file waiver statute, which gives prosecutors unreviewable discretion to charge juvenile suspects in criminal court for certain offenses. Although direct file statutes also allow the prosecutor the discretion to keep certain young offenders in juvenile court, prosecutors are to prioritize the state 's interests above that of the juvenile, especially for more serious offenses....   [tags: Crime, Juvenile delinquency, Criminology]

Better Essays
1574 words (4.5 pages)

Essay about Juvenile Offenders And Juvenile Incarceration

- Abstract The United States incarcerates more juvenile delinquents than any other country in the world. Sending the youth to time behind bars can have either negative or positive impacts on the adolescences life after spending years behind bars. Juveniles as young as 13 years old have been tried as adults. Many of them sentenced to spend life in an adult prison without the possibility of parole. Although the number of juveniles in adult correctional facilities is declining there are still a number of issues juveniles are facing within the system today....   [tags: Crime, Juvenile delinquency, Prison, Criminology]

Better Essays
1059 words (3 pages)

Juvenile Offenders And The Juvenile Justice System Essay examples

- Not only has there been debates about what approach should be used when punishing juvenile offenders, but there has also been debates about the need for two separate justice systems. Some individuals believe that juveniles need to be punished for their delinquency by being sentenced to jail just as an adult offender would be. According to Urban, Cyr, and Decker (2003), The Violent Crime Control Act of 1995 allows juveniles who are 13 years old and up to be sentenced as an adult if they have committed a violent crime with a fire arm on federal property....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Juvenile delinquency]

Better Essays
930 words (2.7 pages)

The Juvenile Justice System For Juvenile Offenders Essay

- When juveniles commit crimes, it is critical that society finds a successful way to divert their criminal actions into good behavior. The main purpose of this essay is to find the different outlets the juvenile justice system is using to rehabilitate juveniles, how well those strategies are working, and personal suggestions for improvement that might result in a more effective juvenile justice system. There were policies put into place by the government that try to help and mediate juveniles and help curb their urge to commit crimes, one being the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (1)....   [tags: Crime, Juvenile delinquency, Criminology]

Better Essays
1309 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Juvenile Delinquency And Delinquency Prevention

- We often hear or read about young people committing crimes from petty theft to murdering their parents. According to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, juvenile offenders were involved in at least 649 murders in the United States in 2012. Overall, juveniles were involved in one-quarter of serious violent victimization annually over the last twenty-five years. These young individuals are called juvenile delinquents because they are below the age at which criminal prosecution is possible....   [tags: Juvenile delinquency, Crime, Criminology]

Better Essays
1496 words (4.3 pages)

Essay about Juvenile Crime And Juvenile Delinquency

- One of the biggest problems our country faces daily is juvenile crime. Research says, that experts feel juvenile’s commit crimes is because of risk factors when they were younger but experts still have not found the main reason why juvenile’s commit crimes. A huge risk factor I feel that increases juvenile crime is living status as it introduces juveniles to poverty, repeated exposure to violence, drugs, easy access to firearms, unstable family life and family violence, delinquent peer groups, and media violence....   [tags: Crime, Juvenile delinquency, Criminology]

Better Essays
1047 words (3 pages)

Juvenile Justice Systems Essay

- The question that comes to mind when learning that implementing restorative justice programs nationwide would save millions of dollars for the U.S. is why is it not already implemented into all states. Many of the prisons in the U.S. are privately owned meaning prisons no longer become federal institutions even though they are paid by the federal government. They become a business of incarcerating people. It is to the convenience of the private prison system that these restorative justice systems do not get implemented nationwide.(Brewer & Heitzeg, 2007) This is what we know as the Prison Industrial complex, which now includes more than 3,300 jails, more than 1,500 state prisons, and100 fede...   [tags: juvenile offenders restorative justice programs]

Better Essays
1359 words (3.9 pages)

Punishment of Juvenile Offenders Essay

- Youth violence is escalating in the United States. More juveniles crimes, are sentenced to juvenile court, and then sent right back to where they started The question is, are these juveniles being treated right, are they getting the proper attention. Should they be treated like adults. Or should teenagers, no matter what the crime may be, be treated as juveniles. Many social and cultural factors in a child's life may influence a child’s behaviors. In fact, according to Dr. Noguera, Most violent teens are from lower class urban areas....   [tags: Juvenile Crime Essays]

Free Essays
537 words (1.5 pages)

Essay on Juvenile Offenders

- A youth say 13, boy or girl, acquires a gun and shoots another youth who has been harassing them. There is no doubt they should receive some sort of punishment for their actions. However, should they receive this punishment through the Juvenile Courts or Criminal Courts. This is the question, which has no real definitive answer. However, this paper will attempt to address some important issued concerning this matter. Studies have shown that juvenile crime was on the raise during the beginning of the 1990’s....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

Better Essays
2509 words (7.2 pages)