Delinquency is defined as juvenile actions or conduct in violation of criminal law, juvenile status offenses, and other juvenile behavior. (Schmalleger, 2001) However, this is not the only category of what types of children are in the juvenile justice system. There are five other categories and they include: undisciplined children, dependent children, neglected children, abused children, and status offenders. Undisciplined children are said to be beyond parental control and do not listen to anyone of authority, such as teachers, or any school officials. Dependent children typically do not have any parents or guardians to take care of them or were abandoned, not to be confused with neglected children who have parents or guardians but do not receive the proper care needed.
Abused children include those who suffer from any type of abuse from their parents or guardians. The last category includes status offenders which is a special category for only children, such as truancy, running away, and disobedience. All of these categories contribute to a child being a juvenile delinquent, but these are not the only factors that can determine this. Another deciding factor that influences a chance for juvenile delinquency would be what neighborhood and social class the child is brought up in. For example, a child that is born in a low income area with an abundance of drugs and gangs is more likely to commit crimes, as opposed to a child raised in a higher income area with a better education system.
According to Nye, if many delinquencies of upper class children fail to find their way into the police and court records, the same is apparently true also of many delinquencies of working class children and conceivably more tru...
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...ropping out of school and for the rate of delinquency among school dropouts. Continued research on this topic clearly indicates that the relationship between dropping out of school and delinquency is complex, and is moving beyond the conceptualization that school dropout is merely a cog in a larger explanation of delinquency. (Shoemaker, 2010) This shows that there could be many reasons that contribute to a juvenile’s decision to quit school and is found to be a much more complex problem when exploring the topic in depth.
However, schools do have programs to prevent delinquency but sadly, because of the smaller budget for schools in lower income areas, not all schools are able to enact these programs. Additionally, even if the school can afford said programs, it is not always guaranteed that children will respond to these programs and it might simply be too late.
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