Juvenile Delinquency And The United States Essay examples

Juvenile Delinquency And The United States Essay examples

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There has been a mass increase of juvenile delinquency in the United States, which has made a notable change in our society as a whole. It also directly affects parents, teachers, families, the perpetrators themselves, and of course, the victims. Law enforcement agencies in the United States have made an estimated 2.11 million arrests of minors. These perpetrators who were arrested have either been placed in confinement or they are under court supervision. Juvenile delinquency is described as illegal or immoral behavior, generally among young people under the legal age of eighteen. In order to reduce these high rates of delinquency, parents, and other adult figures, must first ask themselves, what is causing this? What external and internal factors could be responsible for such behavior? It has been argued that forces such as media, community, and religion, have been a crucial source of delinquency in the United States. Arguably, a parent or peer’s influence can also be a source for troubled youth. There are countless factors that contribute to juvenile delinquency. Family influence and peer influence can play a major role. It is also possible that other social factors, environmental factors, and internal aspects contribute to the issue as well. In “Juvenile Delinquency: An Introduction” written by Carolyn A. Smith, she mentions that “Delinquent behavior is predicted by a range of risk factors that are replicated across many studies. Individual risk factors include issues such as impulsivity, hyperactivity, and difficult temperament, and also neurological and cognitive impairments. Family system risk factors include harsh and abusive parenting, lack of or inconsistent discipline, lack of support and attachment, and family conflict...

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... is also research that suggests the opposite as well.
Whether or not a teenager will develop into a juvenile delinquent depends on both nature and nurture. Researchers have made many failed attempts to gain answers and identify the root cause of juvenile delinquency, but both environmental factors and genetic traits are reasons a child may exhibit criminal behavior. Juvenile delinquency is a complex issue, and there is no single solution. There are various strategies to prevent children from participating in criminal activates such as imposing structure, getting them involved in extracurricular activities so that they spend their free time doing something positive, or getting them involved with their community. Ultimately, research has shown that by targeting the risk factors, and reinforcing protective factors, we can reducing the high rate of juvenile delinquency.

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