Juvenile delinquency has been an issue of the society since the colonial era. During this period, juvenile offenders were made to serve the same punishment as an adult. When the Juvenile Justice System process came up, it sees juvenile delinquency as an act and not a crime. The Juvenile Justice System is an act by the States to correct juvenile delinquency. The program can be viewed as a collection of correctional styles introduced to juvenile offenders in order to solve and prevent certain eventualities from reoccurring.
However, this research paper is overview of juvenile delinquency, history and Juvenile Justice System/process. It also aims to use the John Bowlby’s attachment theory (maternal deprivation theory) to analyze the reason for juvenile delinquency.
According to history, from the colonial era till the beginning of the 1800, if a person below the age of 18 commit an offense, such a person is made to serve the same punishment as an adult.
During the first quarter of the 1800s, specifically in 1825, there was a movement of some group of people. These people were majorly the social workers and they were soliciting for juvenile offenders. At this point in time, an organization called the ‘’House of Refuge’’ was created in New York and a similar organization was also in Boston and Philadelphia. They were identified for rendering assistance to children who were violent or at the verge of being violent (ref. to article on; a brief historical overview of juvenile justice and delinquency by David W. Springer, Albert R. Roberts, Patricia Brownwell, Mellisa Torrente, Angie Del Prado Lippman, and Michele Deitch).
The only change that occurred in the life of these juvenile was separating them from the adult prison....
... middle of paper ...
... explanation on attachment theory is that nurturing and building a relationship with a child won’t be relevant if it is not done at a very early stage. It might be too late if suspended till after two and a half years till three years (Mcleod, S.A 2007. Bowlby’s Attachment Theory.)
The conclusion of these is that if the attachment symbol is shattered, the child will be affected negatively. The aftermath of maternal deprivation may be continual and not be reversible.
Although in attempts to uphold and sustain the daily grind of juvenile delinquents, the contemporary Juvenile Justice System has introduced and maturated a valid and justifiable paradigm. Regardless of this, there will always be cases of juvenile delinquency if parents do not put in effort to develop a good and lasting relationship with their child/children.
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