Essay about Juvenile Delinquency And Juvenile Crime Rate

Essay about Juvenile Delinquency And Juvenile Crime Rate

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In the past 25 years we have seen an epidemic of violent crimes taking waves over our children, the same children that are supposed to be the future innovators of our society. This epidemic has called for a drastic response from the Juvenile Justice System, requiring them to place tougher punishments on juveniles of violent crimes by charging them as adults. The increase in juvenile crime has sparked a movement by child victim advocates to help the troubled youths through rehabilitation. These tougher punishments have proven effective over the past five years due to the decline in juvenile crimes, but what can we contribute this decline to? Is it the tougher punishments for juveniles or is it the rehabilitative process? The thesis of this paper is that the juvenile crime rate has shown a rapid decline in the past decade because of the effectiveness of rehabilitation made available to juvenile offenders of violent crimes.
The U.S Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) have been working diligently over the past few decades tracking the crime trends in America. In the Law Enforcement and Juvenile Crime section of their Statistical Briefing Book online, they have broken down the crime trend into three different categories. The three categories are Violent Crime Index Offenses, Property Crime Index Offenses, and Other Offenses. These crimes are tracked over the period from 1980-2012, of juvenile offenders between the ages of 10-17 years old per every 100,000 juveniles. The charts and graphs present the high and low points of juvenile crime. They calculated that out of every 100,000 youths in 2012, there was a reported 3,941 youths arrested. Out of the 100,000 juveniles 182 were arrested for...

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...ity service, restitution, or holds them to standards [such as] monitoring their progress in schools”. (citation) This new method has dropped the juvenile crime rate substantially in Florida presenting a positive future for our young adults. Within the first 13 months, Florida had “21,393 juveniles [meet] the criteria of the [citation] program, with 8,344 [of them]-being issued citations rather than being arrested”. (citation) The citation process is one of the biggest cost effective programs for the community which costs an average of $386 and has shown to save the State of Florida millions of dollars in “cost[s] of law enforcement, prosecutors, [and] public defenders” that can amount to an average of “$5,000” per case. (citation) Savings as big as these, gives the state the ability to invest in the inner city community that is lacking the positive environment.

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