Theories, Terms and Scales
In the study done by Crandell and Eshleman (2003), prejudice is operationalized as the negative views of a specific group that are expressed when the prejudice is viewed as more acceptable and is no longer suppressed. Also justification is operationalized to be any evidence, whether it is psychological or social that allows for the expression of a prejudice to be viewed as non-threatening to the individual because they have ...
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...pean Journal of Social Psychology, 31. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.56
Ford, T.E., Boxer, C.F., Armstrong, J., & Edel J.R. (2008). More than “just a joke”: the prejudice-releasing function of sexist humor. Society for Personality and Social Psychology, 34 (2), 159-170. doi: 10.1177/0146167207310022
Hobden, K.L., & Olson, J.M. (1994). From jest to antipathy: disparagement humor as a source of dissonance-motivated attitude change. Basic and applied social psychology, 15 (3), 239-249.
Hodson, G., Rush, J., & MacInnis, C.C. (2010). A joke is just a joke (except when it isn’t): cavalier humor beliefs facilitate the expression of group dominance motives. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99 (4), 660-682. doi: 10.1037/a0019627
Thomas, C.A., & Esses, V.M. (2004). Individual differences in reactions to sexist humor. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 7 (1), 89-100.
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