Julius Caesar : A Pivotal Figure Essays

Julius Caesar : A Pivotal Figure Essays

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Gaius Julius Caesar was a pivotal figure in European and Middle Eastern history. His life led to the fall of the Roman Republic and creation of the empire. He was polarizing in troubled times, leading to strife and conflict. His life can be seen in three distinct sections, his early days, his military days, and his civil war days. These periods in his life are defining to him as man and as a historical person.

Caesar came of age during the civil wars between Sulla and Marius. At this time, he was appointed the high priest of Jupiter and married Cornelia, the daughter of an ally of Marius. Inevitably, Sulla won the civil war and Caesar was stripped of his priesthood and inheritance, but the major issue was that he refused to divorce his wife. This led him to flee Rome for a position in the army. In fact, the loss of his priesthood was a boon for Caesar, due to the fact the high priest of Jupiter was essentially not allowed to lead an army. He served with distinction and when Sulla died, he returned to Rome, where he became an orator of repute. During this time, he was kidnaped by pirates and held for ransom. When released, he returned to Rome and was elected Tribune and then as a Quaestor. As Quaestor, he gave the funeral oration for his aunt Julia, and included images of Marius in the funeral procession, not seen publicly since Sulla’s victory, years earlier. In 69 BC his wife, Cornelia, died and so he served as Quaestor in Hispania. During this time, he married Pompia, the granddaughter of Sulla. His next step in public life was to run for win the position of Pontifex Maximus, the high priest of Rome. However, unlike the high priest of Jupiter, the Pontifex Maximus was able to lead an army. Next, he became Praetor and divorced h...

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...to Egypt to escape capture, but the local Egyptians killed him to show support for Caesar. However, this outraged Caesar and put Caesar’s plans into disarray. Caesar thus joined the raging civil war between Queen Cleopatra and the nobles who had killed Pompey. Subsequently, after subduing the nobles and placing the Queen on the throne, Creaser marched up to Asia Minor to crush a rebellion. Once he had smashed the rebels Caesar uttered the famous line “Veni, Vidi, Vici”, “I came, I saw, I conquered”. Next, Caesar went to Spain and put down a revolt by the two sons of Pompey. Once he had decimated the brothers, Caesar returned to Rome. There, on the Ides of March, Caesar was assassinated in a senate meeting. Caesar left a large legacy, manly in the form of his great-nephew Octavian, better known as Augustus, the first emperor of Rome.

Caesar was a fascinating man; he

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