The Judicial Branch Of The United States Essay example

The Judicial Branch Of The United States Essay example

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In the United States, our democratic system of government consists of three branches: the Judicial branch, Legislative branch, and the Executive branch. Each branch is responsible for a specific section of government and are meant to work for the betterment and protection of the citizens they represent. The Judicial branch is responsible for ruling if cases are constitutional or unconstitutional and is the head of the U.S. justice system. States are represented through the Legislative branch, which is divided between the House of Representative and Congress. These representatives are charged with the job of creating laws and bills, all of which are proposed, adjusted, and passed or failed by popular vote of Congress. Finally, the Executive branch officializes laws by the final approval of the President. The President has authority to appoint a small group of officials to assist him, known as his "cabinet", and advise him. The three branches work together to satisfy the needs of the people and to protect them using the guidelines of the Constitution. They represent the will of the people and represent the United States for the rest of the world to see.


In order to keep a balance between the branches, a checks and balances system was created in the Constitution in order to prevent any one branch from gaining too much power. The Legislative branch has certain 'checks ' or 'power ' to balance the powers of the Executive and Judicial branch, and they have certain 'powers ' in return. The Legislative branch can keep 'check ' on the Executive branch by having the following authorities:
• Power to override an Executive veto by a two-thirds majority vote.
• Have the power to budget/fund the actions of the Executi...


... middle of paper ...


...to hear out and review, of which, the Supreme Court receives an average of seventy-five thousand certs a year, but only accepts a possible max of one hundred and fifty.
If the Supreme Court Justices accept a cert, it is placed within a docket in which the petitioner of the cert is given the time to write a brief on the issue the court has agreed to review. This brief cannot exceed fifty pages, and the opponent of the petitioner, known as the ‘responder’ is also required to write a fifty page brief. After these briefs are filed, both parties are to write a shorter brief to respond to the opponents brief. Outside parties are able to file opinions known as ‘amicus curiae’ which allows their individual voice of how they think the case should be settled. When certs aren 't being reviewed, the Court hears out oral cases that are open to the public. During these hearings,

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