Although the period called The Enlightenment is frequently associated with a sudden, revolutionary change of thought in historic Europe, it was in fact a movement that slowly evolved over time. The idea that reason could explain much of the then mysterious, that critical thinking could provide humans with some influence on their fate, did not just happen overnight. The development can be traced back to the rediscovery of antiquity, and the research inspired by it which established a new scientific approach: The Scientific Revolution.
From Aristotles to Humanism
Ancient thought like that of the Greek philosopher Aristotle, well supported by Thomas Aquinas, were well known and applied in medieval Europe. However, the logic promoted by these early Greek scholastics often contradicted the teachings of the strong European Catholic Church. Not surprisingly, a new group of faithful thinkers in the 14th to 15th century, the humanists, introduced the idea of a capable human, created in God's image, which used its intellect for fulfilling its divine purpose in this world. By the 16th century, some humanists, started to question religious dogmas, and found growing support by researchers in the fields of physics, astronomy, and medicine, who begun to run into more and more difficulties to explain their observations with the traditional approach. One of these scholastics was Galileo Galilei.
Church Doctrine vs. Development
Galileo Galilei applied the same approach the ancient scholastic had used-observation of natural events- but when his observations suggested that the earth must rotate next to the sun contrary to the deep rooted religious believe that the sun was simply moving through the ...
... middle of paper ...
...uted significantly to Europe's development from medieval blind faith and superstition to rational and critical thinking.
The Closed Cycle
As noted earlier, the Enlightenment was not a sudden event, and revolutions like the Scientific Revolution which produces the basis were not sudden events. Europe's development from medieval witch hunts over scientific approach to modern philosophy was lengthy and shaken by drawbacks and inner conflicts. It is difficult, if not impossible, to really draw an actual line or to pinpoint the moment that opened the gate for the thoughts of The Enlightenment. There might not have been any doubt which urged a scientific revolution without the ancient Greek suggested logic. There might have been no claim for equality during the Enlightenment without the doubt raised and investigated through modern scientific approach.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Young Goodman Brown: Blind Faith Is it possible for a man to be SO hypnotized by faith that he is incapable of apprehending the truth that surrounds him. Yes. The principle of faith centers heavily around the confident belief of an idea set by a person or community. In Nathaniel Hawthorne's "Young Goodman Brown," the faith of an individual conflicts with the faith of the community. The story takes place during the period where all devoted Puritans adopt Calvinism; Goodman Brown being one of them.... [tags: Young Goodman Brown YGB]
929 words (2.7 pages)
- When reading, “An Open Letter to Students: On Having Faith and Thinking for Yourself”, C. Terry Warner (1971) expounds concerning the conflict between knowledge and faith in our lives. In doing so Warner asserts how people assume if they have knowledge then they cannot have faith. The reason for this separation is the misconception humans have concerning knowledge. According to Warner, the misconception humans have towards knowledge is, we are centered in the assumption that knowledge exists as a collection of facts which can all fit together nicely into a puzzle, or as Warner states, a large picture of human reality.... [tags: Education, Knowledge and Faith]
1400 words (4 pages)
- According to the bible in Hebrews 11:1 faith is said to be an assurance of things that are hoped for, evidence of things that are unseen, on the other hand, faith is generally defined as a strong assurance based on assumptions but not a certain decision based on evidence. Throughout history faith as basis of knowledge has been regarded as a controversial issue, especially in religion. This is mainly because religion is archaic, there are no traces of evidence but people strongly believe in it and they consider it as the truth.... [tags: Religion]
1597 words (4.6 pages)
- Have you ever felt unsure about a topic. That is how I felt at first when I read “The Blind Faith of the One-Eyed Matador” by Karen Russell. I felt that bullfighting was simply cruel, but then I understood the culture behind it. The more I continued reading I understood the love and passion that Juan Padilla had for the sport. It seems crazy that what you love to do could almost cost you your life, and no matter the consequences you’re not willing to give it up. Although many people may agree bullfighting is a cruel sport, being a bullfighter is a part of culture, passed on through generations, and there is a passion behind it.... [tags: karen ruseell, matador, bullfighting]
551 words (1.6 pages)
- Models have become essential for the development of human knowledge. They are the methods we follow, in order to simplify and understand more easily the realization of certain tasks involving the different fields of knowledge. When a method of thinking and way of achieving a certain goal becomes popular, the rest of the community adopts it. Hence, as soon as a method of thinking becomes predominant over another, it is said to have become a model. For example, we can consider mathematical formulas, scientific procedures, and even our way of living, areas in which a distinct model is followed.... [tags: Knowledge]
1463 words (4.2 pages)
- The Leap of Faith In his book, Concluding Unscientific Postscript, Soren Kierkegaard talks about the difference between subjective and objective truth. When talking about subjective truth, he compares it to taking a “leap of faith”. This means that you will believe something no matter what, and you don’t need any evidence to back it up. He later connects the “leap of faith” to religion. “Through the “leap of faith,” in which one affirms the proposition that God did exist in time, one is able to enter into a “God-relationship,” and thereby attains “an eternal happiness” (Schacht, 308).... [tags: Soren Kierkegaard, faith, religion]
903 words (2.6 pages)
- Faith and Knowledge There are things in this world that go beyond human reasoning. There are things is this world that people don't want to acknowledge. For example, scientists don't want to acknowledge that faith and God exist. They claim that they need to have scientific proof in order to believe that either faith or God exists in this world. Today's societies are full of skeptics and ignorance when it comes to faith and God. People have known that god and faith are present on this earth. Faith is believing and trusting in God.... [tags: Papers]
823 words (2.4 pages)
- Blind Faith in Raymond Carver's Cathedral In the story "Cathedral" by Raymond Carver, the main character, goes through a major personal transformation. At the beginning of the story, his opinions of others are filled with stereotypes, discrimination and prejudice. Through interaction with his wife's blind friend Robert, his attitude and outlook on life changes. Although at first he seemed afraid to associate with a blind man, Robert's outgoing personality left him with virtually no choice. During Robert's visit, he proved to be a normal man, and showed the speaker that by closing his eyes, he could open his mind.... [tags: Carver Cathedral Essays]
914 words (2.6 pages)
- Blind Faith Exposed in The Victim of Aulis During World War II, an entire race of people was decimated as a result of blind adherence to one charismatic ruler; the holocaust has become emblematic of the senseless horror of war and the loss of innocent lives. Perhaps influenced by World War II, the Korean War, and the questioning of complete adherence to authority, whose seeds were just breaking through the glorious façade of the 1950's suburban idyll, Dannie Abse wrote "The Victim of Aulis" in 1951-6.... [tags: Victim of Aulis Essays]
1004 words (2.9 pages)
- Paradox of Faith In Fear and Trembling Kierkegaard examines the old story of Abraham being commanded by what is perceived to be god to kill his only child. Abraham had spent many years trying to conceive a child with his wife Sarah and finally successfully had a boy named Isaac. In what appears to be the test of ultimate sacrifice god, appearing as a burning bush, asks Abraham to take his only son to the mountain and kill him with a knife. The question most people ask is why would a god command Abraham to commit such an atrocious act.... [tags: Faith]
731 words (2.1 pages)